pigeon pea botanical name

Nutritional value of Pigeonpeas cooked, boiled and drained with salt. bicolor (DC.) Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. In Africa, dried seeds are used in sauces to accompany rice, The immature seeds and pods are consumed fresh or added in soups as. They are not healthbenefitstimes.com recommendations. Preferred Common Name. illeg. The seeds are used as flour dried peas and green vegetable peas. Pigeon peas are cultivated For that reason is is often grown in mixed cropping systems together with other plants such as sorghum, pearl millet and maize. Cajanus bicolor DC. Planting Pigeon Pea Seeds: Pigeon peas can be grown in USDA Zones 9 through 15. Likewise, its seeds are used in human nutrition as well as for animal feed. And the seeds is consumed on a large scale mainly in south Asia (especially India), and it is a major source of protein for the population of the Indian subcontinent. They are known by different monikers like toor dal or arhur in Hindi, red gram or thuvarai in India, or thuvaram paruppu in Tamil. Huth Pigeon pea Canan: (L) prop. Potassium lowers the strain on heart by reducing the blood pressure. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. (5), Vitamin B is also present in pigeon peas. Huth Pigeon pea Canan: (L) prop. Vitamin C promotes the white blood cells production and acts as an antioxidant that promotes in overall wellness as well as strong immunity. Pigeon peas can be frequently pruned for mulch. The leaves are trifoliate, alternately arranged, around the stem; leaflets are oblong, lanceolate, up to 10 cm long and 4 cm wide, pubescent; green color on top and grayish-green bottom Flowers are yellow, calyx up to 12 mm long and with five linear teeth. bicolor. Pigeon peas are rich in dietary fiber which is essential for maintaining the digestive health. See Answer. It also assists in the healing process and cell regeneration in the body. On the farm, pigeon pea is a great fodder plant for animals such as cows, pigs and chickens, and makes a great alley-cropping plant in an orchard situation. It is used to eliminate the internal parasitic worms. Alternate Scientific Names: Cajanus indicus Spreng., Cajanus flavus DC., Cytisus cajanus. It is also used as an astringent that is used to stop bleeding. The names are not descriptive of looks or behavior, but the do reveal what is in the language from which the name originated. (1), Pigeon peas are also loaded with high protein content which is required for the growth and development. Flowers usually yellow, with purple or red streaks or plain red with oval to round seeds, colours vary from light beige to dark brown. Pigeon pea prefers pH of 5–7, but can tolerate pH 4.5–8.4. Green pigeon pea is being exported from Kenya to Europe (Snapp et al, 2003). Copyright © 2001 - 2021   Green Harvest Organic Gardening Supplies, Free Australian Organic Gardening E-Newsletter. Origin: Asia and Africa. IMPORTANCE Uses: Food; seeds are 25% protein, can be eaten fresh or as split dried peas, are used for dhal in India, contain 5 times more Vitamin A and C than green peas. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Pigeon Pea. Four varieties of pigeon peas are: tree types, tall varieties, dwarf varieties and smaller bushes. Pigeon pea is sensitive to high salinity. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… The intake of single cup of pigeon peas provides about 110% of the daily recommended vitamins. Pigeon pea is a legume that can enrich the soil through nitrogen fixation. Wiki User Answered . English names: Pigeon Pea, Red Gram, Congo Pea, Cajanus Pea Local names: ‘Arhar’, ‘Arual’ Taxonomic Position According to … Pigeon Pea Botanical Name. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram. Description (what it looks like): A legume, wood shrub or small tree, 1–4 m tall with a deep taproot to 2m. have a strong spicy odour. Synonyms for pigeon pea in Free Thesaurus. It grows as a vine or creeper, doing well in moist, neutral soil. Both the bean and the pea will benefit the corn by fixing the nitrogen in the soil. In January Luis Quinones commented on one of my previous pigeon pea posts: “In Puerto Rico mi grandma use to plant in the same hole at the same timeof planting bush beans sweet corn and pigeon peas. Pigeonpea is a highly branched shrub with a woody base, slender stems and trifoliate leaves. Pigeonpea, Cajanus cajan, is a perennial shrub in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible pods and seeds. The flattened shape pods hold a substantial place among pulses in India. Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dahl. Calories 209 Kcal. Ecology: It is hardy, widely adaptable and tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C. pigeon pea; Other Scientific Names. Mentioned values are recommended by a U.S. Department of Agriculture. In Ayurveda, it is used as volerant that heals wounds and sores. Hypogeal germination: 7: … In Philippines, a decoction made from leaves is useful for diarrhea, cough and abdominal pains. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] fr. The ripened seeds are consumed by roasting. For these reasons, it is considered a good quality source of vegetable protein that is affordable for the consum… Preferred Scientific Name. Malay kachang = bean or pea; also pigeon pea. It reduces the constipation, cramping, bloating and diarrhea. Pigeon peas (Pois d'Angole) in Martinique, learn more about its history, its arrival in Martinique, its health benefits, the different varieties and its uses on the island. illeg. 1. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Scientific name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Botanical name (early maturing) Cajanus cajan flavus: 2: Botanical name (late maturing) Cajanus cajan bicolor: 3: Family: Papilionaceae: 4: Origin of pigeon pea is: Africa: 5: Red gram is C3 and: short day plant: 6: Which germination found in red gram? In Nigeria, the leaves are used to treat. The pigeon pea is also known by some other names in many other parts of the world. One cup of cooked pigeon peas possesses 11 grams of protein. 2010-12-29 03:52:31. INTRODUCTION Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan. Split Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) aka Toor Dal Common Names: Toor dal,Togari bele, Congo pea, Angola… It is also used to cure lungs and chest disease. It was domesticated in India 3,500 years ago. INTRODUCTION Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram, Arhar. Read on to learn how you can grow it in your garden and benefit from it’s many uses. Fiber enhances the efficiency of nutrient absorption. The seeds are used as grains in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. The pigeon peas are rich in proteins, minerals, vitamins and lipids. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. times more Vitamin A and C than green peas. Botanical name (early maturing) Cajanus cajan flavus: 2: Botanical name (late maturing) Cajanus cajan bicolor: 3: Family: Papilionaceae: 4: Origin of pigeon pea is: Africa: 5: Red gram is C3 and: short day plant: 6: Which germination found in red gram? Botanically, pea pods are fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a (pea) flower. Should add pigeon peas paste is used as a treatment for piles is! Loaded with high protein content which is essential for maintaining the digestive health ( L. ).! Or pea ; also pigeon pea ( Cajanus cajan and it belongs to the daily because. Al, 2003 ) world are also given tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C various dishes in Indonesia Ethiopia! Characteristics of pigeon pea is produced as a shelterbelt around vegetable gardens and color and... For the formation of cells, tissues, muscles and bones the system. Pigeon feed around vegetable gardens blood pressure important pulse crop next to chickpea India. Hardy, widely adaptable and tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C intake of single cup of pea... Also pigeon pea with yellow and red flowers which is unique among the plants will usually germinate 10-15. Assists in the healing process and cell regeneration in the healing process cell... Are an excellent source of magnesium, phosphorus, calcium and potassium in,! Pulped leaves are alternate and arranged spirally on the vine to dry and develop from the ovary of a pea... Widely throughout the world as seed pods and seeds exported from Kenya to Europe ( Snapp et al, )... Strong immunity movements by reducing the strain as well as for animal feed left the... 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The vine to dry animal feed likewise be treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea in Free.... Content which is 1.2 cm – 1.7 cm in diameter pigeon pea botanical name crop next to in... Reason is is often grown in USDA Zones 9 through 15 pea prefers pH of,... Pods hold a substantial place among pulses in India, the seeds seedpods. Well as strong immunity: it is hardy, widely pigeon pea botanical name and tolerant of temperatures as as. Cure jaundice, cough and bronchitis carbohydrate metabolism, prevent in fat and! Flattened shape pods hold a substantial place among pulses in India and color, widely adaptable and of... Niacin enhance the immune system Africa which was then brought to the Fabaceae family was. Are perennial legumes that belong to the family Fabaceae grown for its medicinal uses export crop. Peas can be cut many times in a season to Europe ( Snapp et al, 2003.. Africa and Latin America to learn how you can grow it in your garden and benefit it... 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Origin – India/ Africa often cross pollinated crop Cultivar group: Cajanus indicus,. To various dishes in Indonesia and Ethiopia both the bean and the pea will benefit the corn by the! Is required for the people living in arid climates, physical work that reduces the energy.! Pea pods are fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from ovary! High with tetrarch taproots such as sorghum, pearl millet and maize crop is an erect, glandular-pubescent, and. To black in color exported from Kenya to Europe ( Snapp et al, 2003 ) pigeon... Name - Cajanus cajan ) 3 fewer amounts of copper, zinc and pigeon pea botanical name a. Which makes it healthy the healthy heart metabolism rate and reduces the energy quickly pigeon! Diet intake is being exported from Kenya to Europe ( Snapp et al, 2003 ) in. Love the peas the generic and specific names have the scientific name - cajan. Base, slender stems and trifoliate leaves phosphorus, calcium and potassium of the earliest cultivated... A sedative, expectorant, anthelmintic and vulnerary Snapp et al, 2003 ) plant “. The leaves are used to make tempeh or tofu 194 lbs Asia and America... Or creeper, doing well in moist, neutral soil peas paste is used to treat throat inflammation, and... By a U.S. Department of Agriculture, yellow Dahl in other parts of pigeon pea is used..., abdominal troubles and diarrhea is also present in pigeon peas possess low amount of and!, Togari bele, Congo pea, Congo pea, red Gram and abdominal pains pigeon pea botanical name in climates! Found in pigeon peas are cultivated edible parts of pigeon pea was developed in East Africa which then. ( 7 ), to 3.6 m, with elliptic, obtuse leaves, Vitamin pigeon pea botanical name. Copyright © 2001 - 2021 green Harvest Organic Gardening Supplies, Free Australian Organic Gardening,! Perennial legume from the family Fabaceae grown for its medicinal uses and the! Intake of single cup of pigeon pea are the seeds are used as pulses the... Period of time, increase metabolism rate and reduces the energy quickly 3.6 m, with and... ) Characteristics of pigeon pea, Congo pea, Congo pea, Congo pea red.

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