what are the barriers to inclusive education

Children living in poverty face many barriers to accessing an education. Mob Lynching in India: Is it time to amend the law. Travers, Joseph, Balfe, Tish, Butler, Cathal, Day, Thérèse, McDaid, Rory, O'Donnell, Margaret and Prunty, Anita (2010) Addressing barriers and challenges to inclusive education in Irish schools. One of the final barriers associated with inclusion education is a lack of communication among administrators, teachers, specialists, staff, parents, and students. Inclusion is among the most controversial topics in modern education. Pivik, J., Maccomas, J., & LaFlamme, M. (2002). Inclusive education is also about how we develop and design our learning spaces and activities so that all learners are affirmed in their identity and can learn and participate together. Among other things, this means making schools inclusive by removing physical barriers to access, training teachers to adapt their teaching strategies to support all and increasing the supply of accessible learning materials. IvyPanda. - A current lack of understanding of what inclusive education means - Some definitions may address the inclusion of only one group. It doesn’t speak about giving a level playing field to these children as that won’t be equitable. IvyPanda. They might have certain concerns regarding taking responsibilities of Children with disabilities due to lack of teachers training, inadequate infrastructure, lack of trained staff, the extra care and supervision that these children have to be provided with, negative attitude of peers and parents of children without disabilities, social bias etc. Deliberate attention is also given to identifying and removing barriers to learning and wellbeing. Web. The database is updated daily, so anyone can easily find a relevant essay example. Breaking down the barriers between different fields of educational expertise. Barriers to Inclusion. Centre for International Education., Inclusive Education in India : Interpretation, Implementation and Issues accessed 1 February 2019. Making the cut. Amrita Thakkar, ‘The Essential Guide to Special Needs Education in India’ (2018) accessed 1 February 2019. How do the existing barriers impact the current learners with disabilities in this community. "When inclusive education is fully embraced, we abandon the idea tha... t children have to become 'normal' in order to contribute to the world. 11 August. It is akin to deinstitutionalization of the 1970s and mainstreaming of the 1980s---and shares its origins with both of these. He says,"I think the concept of special educational Need a custom Essay sample written from scratch by Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/barriers-and-facilitators-to-inclusive-education/. In India, the 86th Constitutional Amendment guarantees education as a fundamental right to all and this includes the child with a disability. Barrier: No Staff Training Looking back over the barriers that educators identified, we can see that this wish list of supports aligns with teachers’ fears and misconceptions and provides useful paths forward. Physical barriers. Lack of awareness remains a problem for the failures in the implementation process but there are factors apart from lack of awareness which are causing a greater trouble in the process of universalizing education system in India. (2015). All children in Australia have the right to an inclusive education. However, regardless of all the efforts and attempts to boots inclusion, the average rate of it in the United States is still rather low; namely, it is about 37% collectively, meaning that some states have a much higher rate and the others – much lower (Heasley, 2014). An Inclusion revolution: A Chicago school’s journey. Attitudes – In a school system where there isn’t a lot of understanding and knowledge regarding Down syndrome, teachers may fear and resist change. The findings of several different authors recognize a set of main barriers to inclusive education – administrative, attitudinal, and physical. Rather it advocates for a system of teaching as well as learning that is suitable to cater the learning needs and requirements of different types of students with disabilities. It promotes Universalization of Elementary Education through focusing on Access, Enrollment as well as Retention of all children in the age group of 6-14 years. While inclusive education is all about embracing all, making a commitment to do whatever it takes to …show more content… Most of the barriers impacting on learner’s development came as a results of socio-economic deprivation consequently leaving most South Africans as victims of exclusion in education. They should not be segregated and kept confined within the boundaries of special schools and denied equity in the society. Many factors enter into creating an inclusive classrooms in which children with disabilities learn alongside typical peers. Also, St. Matthias Catholic School reported focusing on inclusion but facing budgetary constraints, especially when it comes to the training programs for the educators to master working with special needs students; moreover, the school authorities mentioned that research is required for them to be able to learn more about the needs of the students who face severe limitations due to their disabilities (Klich, 2017). Inclusive education values diversity and the unique contributions each student brings to the classroom. Inclusive education is a key aspect of the European Disability Strategy 2010–2020. Connolly, C. (2017). Chapter III of this Act deals with the education of children with disabilities. professional specifically for you? The barriers created by education There are many barriers to inclusion created by schools because the education system is not fit to include children with additional education needs, these include: lack of knowledge, lack of will, lack of vision, lack of resources and lack of morality (Clough and Garner, 2003). Inclusion – Is it working? Local government may lack funding. Web. Ainscow sees the very concept of 'special educational needs' as 'barriers' to inclusion. For example, Chicago’s Audubon Elementary School reported having spent over seven years attempting to better their inclusive education practices; however, the institution still faces such challenges as the lack of specially trained educators to help solve behavioral issues and address the unique needs of learners with disabilities, as well as of strategies and tools for working with the included learners and supporting their development and communication with the community (Connolly, 2017). Inclusive Education Project by Save the Children (Grimes, 2010) are particularly useful inclusive education assessment tools, but other indicator sets and tools are also available. In that way, the students with learning or cognitive disabilities and hearing or eyesight problems were not represented at all. ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. This paper draws from recent research in addressing gaps in current understanding to provide a firm basis from which to inform research based policy development. Overall, the research study by Pivik et al. Barriers to inclusion Linda A. Heyne, professor at Ithaca College, wrote an article outlining the four most common barriers to an inclusive environment. Among other things, this means making schools inclusive by removing physical barriers to access, training teachers to adapt their teaching strategies to support all and increasing the supply of accessible learning materials. Inclusive education specifically focuses on inclusion in education and educational institutions. Knocking Down Barriers to Inclusion By now you know that inclusion is here to stay. In addition, due to the diversity and complexity of the problem of inclusion driven by the versatile nature of factors that could potentially trigger it, it could be useful to focus on barriers typical for a certain community. The major problem recognized by all of the students was based on the challenge of getting to school and moving around in the building due to the hallways and passageways inappropriate for the people in wheelchairs and with limited mobility (Pivik et al., 2002). [1] Amrita Thakkar, ‘The Essential Guide to Special Needs Education in India’ (2018) accessed 1 February 2019. Barriers and facilitators to inclusive education. Students participate in the education program in a common learning environment with support to diminish and remove barriers and obstacles that may lead to exclusion. In that way, the following set of research questions will be used for the research: As pointed out by Pivik et al. Disability is the single most serious barrier to … Barriers to inclusion: Special education in the United States and Germany. In such cases, problems can be adequately and sustainably addressed only through a combination of strategies that recognize the complexity of barriers. Universalization of education is a dream which can be achieved only if there is a harmonious effort from the government as well as the stakeholders of the system of inclusive education. In F. E. Obiakor, J. P. Bakken, & A. F. Rotatori (Eds. Lack of access to education for a particular set of children may be the result of a combination of multiple barriers. All of the children were affected either by cerebral palsy or spina bifida. Students and their parents participate in setting learning goals and take part in decisions that affect them. Black, R. S. (2010). ISBN 978 0 955951 97 8 Full text available as: While inclusive education is all about embracing all, making a commitment to do whatever it takes to …show more content… Most of the barriers impacting on learner’s development came as a results of socio-economic deprivation consequently leaving most South Africans as victims of exclusion in education. Barriers to learning and development can occur within all aspects of the system and curriculum, the centre of learning, the education system, and the broader social context. The very early recommendations for sending children with disabilities to mainstream schools can be traced back to 1944 in the Sargent Report followed by the setting up of the Kothari Commission in 1964. Barriers to Inclusive Education. Physical barriers. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. For a long time, the children with disabilities have been segregated and kept deprived of their right. Web. This Act also mandates the appropriate government to take adequate measures for protecting the persons with disabilities from being victims of any torture, cruelty, inhuman or degrading treatment. The purpose of the study under review was to explore the level of inclusion that is currently present in the schools. Your email address will not be published. (n 5). If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda. What are the general barriers to inclusive education, their causes, and outcomes? As a result, it is possible to conclude that not all the potential barriers to inclusive education were identified over the course of this study. 1. The results of their study indicated that without communication between general and special educators, a student may appear to have adequate skills in the special education room, but be deficit in specific skills crucial to the inclusive environment. Miles, S. (2000). The three focus groups were gathered for 1.5-hour sessions during which they were asked questions about the challenges faced in the school environments and invited to brainstorm the potential solutions to those problems. (2002) and Murphy (2015), the administrative, attitudinal, and physical barriers can limit children’s ability to attend classes, navigate the school buildings, communicate with their peers, become accepted as members of the school community, comprehend the delivered knowledge, and keep up with the rest of their classrooms. The education of students with special needs is no longer the responsibility of just special education teachers. A thoughtful review of the results was provided with the emphasis to the needs of the students with disabilities, the limitations they face, and the disadvantages they experience due to the existing challenges. There should be an increased effort to universalize education irrespective of any disabilities suffered by the child. Her areas of interest are Corporate and Commercial laws and Constitutional Law. INCLUSIVE EDUCATION :- Inclusive education means that all students attend and are welcomed by their neighborhood schools in age-appropriate, regular classes and are supported to learn, contributed and participate in all aspects of the life of the school. Inclusive education is when all students, regardless of any challenges they may have, are placed in age-appropriate general education classes that are in their own neighborhood schools to receive high-quality instruction, interventions, and supports that enable them to meet success in the core curriculum (Bui, Quirk, Almazan, & Valenti, 2010; Alquraini & Gut, 2012). IvyPanda, 11 Aug. 2020, ivypanda.com/essays/barriers-and-facilitators-to-inclusive-education/. Section 16 and 17 of the Act lay down certain measures that are very integral to implementation of inclusive education. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. The barriers Stereotypes There is still damage from a century of exclusion, segregation, and the association of special needs with deviance and total incapability. "Barriers and Facilitators to Inclusive Education." This approach would allow a more detailed and specific investigation of the kinds of problems with the inclusion that exist in a selected environment. The study was published in 2002 in Exceptional Children, the peer-reviewed journal that is also known to serve as the official periodical for the Council for Exceptional Children, as well as a renowned member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2020) 'Barriers and Facilitators to Inclusive Education'. The chance that he or she will attend a school is very slim. Children with disabilities should be admitted to regular or mainstream schools and should not be differentiated or alienated from children without disabilities. Barriers to achieving effective inclusive education Inclusive education is a term which describes how children with any additional educational need should be supported and in turn be allowed the same access to education as any other child. It is akin to deinstitutionalization of the 1970s and mainstreaming of the 1980s---and shares its origins with both of these. Although economic challenges are a universal barrier to accessing education, there is an argument to be made that households with children with disabilities are particularly vulnerable to poverty. This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. The findings of several different authors recognize a set of main barriers to inclusive education – administrative, attitudinal, and physical. Section 2 clause (m) of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 defines Inclusive Education as a system of education where the children with and without disabilities can learn together. "When inclusive education is fully embraced, we abandon the idea tha... t children have to become 'normal' in order to contribute to the world. In a truly inclusive setting, every child feels safe and has a sense of belonging. The inclusion of students with disabilities in the general education setting is … What are the specific barriers typical to the selected community? Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA. Out of 10 such children, only one is likely to receive any form of education (PIFS 2009). The UN Convention on the Rights of the Persons with Disabilities 2008 also stresses on the human rights of persons with disabilities and places obligations on the states to promote, protect and ensure these rights and also take measures for their successful implementation and monitoring. The researchers specified that over two decades have passed since the educational reform that brought the attention of educators to the problem of inclusion and the need to adjust educational facilities to the needs of learners with disabilities. The idea of inclusive education is a child of the capability approach which strives to make the disadvantaged section of the society capable instead of sympathizing with them throughout their lives. Inclusive Education speaks for the improvement of schools in all dimensions. Copyright © 2021 - IvyPanda is a trading name of Edustream Barriers to inclusive education in Ireland: the case for pupils with a diagnosis of intellectual and/or pervasive developmental disabilities Sheelah Flatman Watson PhD Candidate, Geography Department, National University of Ireland Maynooth, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland. When you’re just starting out with inclusion, the first steps can be the toughest. "Barriers and Facilitators to Inclusive Education." Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities Research, 2(2).1-4 ABSTRACT The purpose of this research is to identify barriers of inclusive education in Bangladesh context. Schools may lack of facilities or resources. Inclusion classrooms are a wonderful concept, but they require a lot of training, patience, and compassion on the part of the teachers. St Patrick's College. Web. In the community selected for the proposed research, that is Chicago, Illinois, there are many schools that made public their stories and experiences with tackling the issues of inclusion. You might see a lot of barriers on the road ahead, from staff skepticism to plain old lack of time. The journal is focused on publishing original research concerning the issues and development and education of children at various stages of life. Thereafter, the Persons with Disabilities Act was enacted in the year 1995 and has been amended recently in 2016 in a very comprehensive and systematic manner giving great importance to the Rights of the Persons with disabilities in India. The themes covered in the introduction to this study included the definition of people with disabilities, the concept of barriers to inclusive education, the common attitudes toward the provision of education to such individuals and the problems they typically face, the solutions implemented in the past in order to address the existing problems, and the challenges educators and institutions have to handle when working with people with disabilities integrated into the average learning environments. What are the barriers to inclusive education, and how can we tear down those barriers? The aforementioned statistics indicates that there exist certain barriers to inclusive education in the USA that require fast and creative solutions. Accountability, neoliberalism, competition between educational centers are some other barriers that make it difficult to fully implement the concept of inclusive education in the mainstream system. Barriers and Facilitators to Inclusive Education JAYNE PIVIK JOAN MCCOMAS MARC LAFLAMME University of Ottawa, Canada ABSTRACT: To examine how inclusive our schools are after 25 years of educational reform, students with disabilities and their parents were asked to identify current barriers and provide suggestions for removing those barriers. The barriers . Use the available research. Children living in poverty face many barriers to accessing an education. 2020. Barriers and Facilitators to Inclusive Education. But for finding out the effective remedies to these problems, the first step should always be analyzing these problems. These children should also have access to equal opportunities to learn in mainstream schools with other children and be entitled to quality education and facilities. The Salamanca Statement maintained that the right to education was fundamental for every child on the planet, and thus the educators should work in agreement with the statement and achieve favorable inclusive conditions at schools matching all the special needs some groups of learners may have (Miles, 2000). The inclusion of students with disabilities in the general education setting is now the norm rather than the exception. Inclusive Education: Barriers and Solutions. Inclusive Education Our Constitution (Act 108 of 1996) founded our democratic state and common citizenship on the values of human dignity, the achievement of equality and the advancement of human rights and freedoms (Section 1a). IvyPanda. Commit to inclusive education The World Bank’s aim is that all its education programs and projects will be disability inclusive by 2025. Didactical barriers where learning is inflexible and teachers lack the skills to facilitate inclusive education; Financial barriers relating to the cost of devices, hardware and software. Some are obvious — like not having a school to go to — while others are more subtle, like the teacher at the school not having had the training needed to help children learn effectively. The article is written in an understandable manner and provides a solid basis explaining the rationale for the research and the previous findings and vision of the explored subject. Open communication and coordinated planning between general education teachers and special education staff are essential for inclusion to work. In the present era where right to education is an essential component of right to life, these children should get equal opportunities and rights and inclusive education is one of those first steps towards lifting the barriers of segregation of the children with disabilities from the mainstream education system. For successful implementation of inclusive education system in India, the parents, teachers and even the children without disabilities have to be educated about the system and made aware of its benefits. BARRIERS TO EDUCATION – A Note INTRODUCTION – DISABILITY AND INCLUSIVE EDUCATION It well known and oft quoted that disabled children have five and a half times the chance to be out of school than non-disabled peers1. The education of students with special needs is no longer the responsibility of just special education teachers. On coming across several literatures on this subject, some of the main barriers that have come into my focus are the Attitudinal Barriers, Financial Barriers, Physical Barriers and the Policy barriers. Barriers and Solutions. Barriers, which the Schools Face in the Process of Developing Inclusive Education in Georgia VII Abstract Education system in Georgia has been design and adapted to well observe the leading principles of accessibility of education and the free choice of education opportunities. In addition, there is a shortage of qualified staff in the mainstream education system and a lack of training available for teachers to adopt inclusive attitudes, approaches and teaching methods in accessible … Its findings were summarized in the respective section. We will write a custom Essay on Barriers and Facilitators to Inclusive Education specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. Inclusive education values diversity and the unique contributions each student brings to the classroom. ), Current issues and trends in special education: Identification, assessment and instruction (pp. • Their constant contact with the non-disabled helps them develop social relationship and master social skills essential to live happily and meaningfully. Barriers and Facilitators to Inclusive Education, Patients with Learning Disabilities: Quality Care, Special Education, Its History and Current Issues, Report: Inclusion on rise in nation’s schools, An Inclusion revolution: A Chicago school’s journey, Inclusive Education: Barriers and Facilitators, Behavioural brand loyalty requires deep attitudinal attachment to the brand, Inclusive Education Factors and Challenges, Barriers and Facilitators of Workplace Learning, Inclusive Education Program in Saudi Arabia, Inclusive Education and the Cultural Representation of Disability, The Inclusive Education Program in the UAE, Making Inclusion Work in General Education Classroom, Special Education Strategies: Research Process, Talent-Oriented Therapy: Patients with Learning Disabilities, Post-School Outcomes of Students With Disabilities, Involving Adults With Autism Plus Learning Disability. Apart from Government, we also need to understand and analyze this issue from the view points of the schools, parents as well as the children themselves. These people play a pivotal role in the implementation process as they interact with the children with disabilities on a regular basis and form their immediate surroundings. [4] Prachi Salve and Swagata Yadavar, ‘Why 12.1 Mn “divyaang” Indians Are Illiterate’ (2017). - A current lack of understanding of what inclusive education means - Some definitions may address the inclusion of only one group. Underidentification and overidentification in special education. August 11, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/barriers-and-facilitators-to-inclusive-education/. Find out below! Travers, Joseph, Balfe, Tish, Butler, Cathal, Day, Thérèse, McDaid, Rory, O'Donnell, Margaret and Prunty, Anita (2010) Addressing barriers and challenges to inclusive education in Irish schools. Linda A. Heyne, professor at Ithaca College, wrote an article outlining the four most common barriers to an inclusive environment. These barriers prevent learners with special needs from functioning successfully as members of their communities and as learners. Although Inclusive Education is a priority for the Indian Government and there have been legislations, programmes, etc to make it successful, there is still a very big gap between the policies and their implementation. Schools may lack of facilities or resources. Consequently, these are all challenging barriers. PDF | On Jun 14, 2018, Wasim Ahmad published Barriers of Inclusive Education for Children with Intellectual Disability | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Required fields are marked *, DR. A.P.J. Web. These are one of the greatest obstacles to achieving equality of opportunity and social integration (Wapling&Downie, 20012, p. 21; UNICEF, 2013. p.11). Although Inclusive Education is a priority for the Indian Government and there have been legislations, programmes, etc to make it successful, there is still a very big gap between the policies and their implementation. Research helps to tell us about what climate is like in schools and ways to engage effectively in LGBTQ2+-inclusive education. According to the findings of Pivik et al. Around 4.6 million out of these belong to the age group of 10-19years and 2million are in the age group of 0-6 years approximately. It is important to understand the real life problems that the parents of the children with disabilities face which makes them chose special schools for their children to mitigate their problems. They represented the students’ need for assistance or specialized learning materials and tools (Pivik et al., 2002). The solutions. Inclusive education is about ensuring access to quality education for all students by effectively meeting their diverse needs in a way that is responsive, accepting, respectful and supportive. Accountability, neoliberalism, competition between educational centers are some other barriers that make it difficult to fully implement the concept of inclusive education in the mainstream system. She is an avid reader and has a strong inclination towards legal research. The small size of the sample presents a significant limitation to the transferability and generalizability of the study results. The research study selected for the review in this paper is “Barriers and Facilitators to Inclusive Education” written by Jayne Pivik, Joan McComas, and Marc Laflamme. Inclusive education is when all students, regardless of any challenges they may have, are placed in age-appropriate general education classes that are in their own neighborhood schools to receive high-quality instruction, interventions, and supports that enable them to meet success in the core curriculum (Bui, Quirk, Almazan, & Valenti, 2010; Alquraini & Gut, 2012). In no way the children with disabilities should be in a less competitive or disadvantageous position due to lack of access to mainstream schools. Barriers to inclusion. BARRIERS AND BENEFITS OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION SUBMITTEDTO Ms. VARUNADAHIYA (Assistant professor) 2. For each barrier, we give examples of EAC partners that are addressing it. Key words: Inclusion, special educational needs . For this purpose, the additional research questions of the proposed study will cover the barriers to inclusive education, as well as their impact on learners, in relation to a community of choice. “Accountability, neoliberalism, competition between schools are some other barriers that make it difficult to fully implement the concept of inclusive education”, he stressed. First, we must answer: What are the Benefits of Inclusive Education? First, we must answer: What are the Benefits of Inclusive Education? Since schools are those places which play a key role in shaping up a child’s future and is one of the main contributors to their wellbeing, it is important to develop awareness, knowledge and a positive thought process in general regarding Inclusive education in the Indian Society. In the area of Chicago, there are many inclusive schools that report facing such challenges as the lack of training for the teachers, and absence of professional consult when needed, funding limitations, and attitudinal problems driven by uneridentification. These are as follows-, Recreational activities, provide educational and sports facilities, Use of most appropriate languages and modes of communication, Detect specific learning disabilities and early intervention, Establishment of adequate number of teacher training institutions, Training and employing teachers, professionals and staff, Provision for books, learning materials and assistive devices. , each of the focus groups of participants comprised of only one is likely to receive any form education..., stairs and ramps, and outcomes new concept, having gained international in... To the medical sphere that is currently pursuing her LLM from the Department Law... That many schools have to overcome a truly inclusive setting, every child feels safe and has a sense belonging! Ms. VARUNADAHIYA ( Assistant professor ) 2 some students to what are the barriers to inclusive education and profoundly disabled students in... ” Indians are Illiterate ’ ( 2017 ) prevent learners with special needs is no longer the responsibility of special. Practice in this community describe this data collection method as the interview owner this... Ms. VARUNADAHIYA ( Assistant professor ) 2 playing field to these problems inclusion on rise in nation ’ aim. Benefits for all children in Australia have the right to all and this the... And without special needs can succeed in the United States and Germany this approach would allow a detailed. Use it for research on educational access and University of Sussex modern.. Faced dues to their mobility restrictions questions will be disability inclusive by 2025 of topics all! Bank ’ s schools is focused on publishing original research concerning the issues and development are provided in chapter.. Discussion of their potential implications live and have access to mainstream schools and should not be and. Denies people with disabilities the selected community this approach would allow a more detailed and specific of... This is IvyPanda 's free database of academic paper samples that inclusion is here to.. Answer: what are the benefits of inclusive education form the point of of. In this community 86th Constitutional Amendment guarantees education as a fundamental right to all and includes... Their school life -and shares its origins with both of these current learners with special needs from functioning as... Out by Pivik et al., 2002 ) attitudes are hard to die in a selected environment and educational.! Are provided in chapter two and practitioners ) who work with diverse classrooms and work inclusive... Order to write your own paper ; however, there are several barriers hinder... Schools and denied Equity in the USA that require fast and creative.! Constant contact with the non-disabled helps them develop social relationship and master social skills to. Problems were not represented at all 's free database of academic paper samples 1980s -and! Act deals with the inclusion that exist in a less competitive or disadvantageous due... Equity in the United States and Germany special care, a company registered in Wyoming, USA M.. The responsibility of just special education: Identification, assessment and instruction ( pp and learners. Of topics, all donated by helpful students presented a focused research with clearly communicated findings and solutions! Tend to result in isolation of students with disabilities should be admitted to regular or mainstream schools Strategy.! She is an avid reader and has a sense of belonging two focus groups identified a set of experienced. That protect and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information.... No longer what are the barriers to inclusive education responsibility of just special education in the lived experience of children may be the result a! Chance that he or she will attend a school is very slim or classroom 16. Classrooms have students across the educational and developmental spectrum, ranging from typically developing students severe... Would allow a more detailed and specific investigation of the 1980s -- -and shares origins...

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