pennines uk wikipedia

The West Pennine Moors, Rossendale Valley and Forest of Bowland are western spurs, the former two are in the South Pennines. Coordinates. In 2004, George Redmonds reassessed this, finding that numerous respected writers passed over the origin of the mountains' name in silence even in works dedicated to the topological etymology of Derbyshire and Lancashire. Limestone areas of the Pennines in the White Peak,[59] Yorkshire Dales[60] and Upper Teesdale[61] have been designated as nature reserves or Important Plant Areas by the botanical conservation charity Plantlife,[62] and are nationally important for their wildflowers. Titan in the Peak District, the deepest shaft known in Britain, is connected to Peak Cavern in Castleton, Derbyshire, the largest cave entrance in the country. The River Trent flows around the southern end of the Pennines and northwards on the eastern side taking water from tributaries, principally the Dove and Derwent. The Trans Pennine Trail, a long-distance route for cyclists, horse riders and walkers, runs west–east alongside rivers and canals, along disused railway tracks and through historic towns and cities from Southport to Hornsea (207 miles/333 km). The route passes through the counties of Derbyshire, West Yorkshire, Lancashire, North Yorkshire, Cumbria and Northumberland.It is part of the National Cycle Network (NCN). [citation needed] Many customs and stories have their origin in Christianised pagan traditions. Other birds whose English breeding strongholds are in the Pennines include golden plover, snipe, curlew, dunlin, merlin, short-eared owl, ring ouzel and twite,[63] though many of these are at the southern limit of their distributions and are more common in Scotland. Földrajzi nevei. The range stretches northwards from the Peak District at the southern end, through the South Pennines, the Yorkshire Dales and North Pennines to the Tyne Gap, which separates the range from the Cheviot Hills across the Anglo-Scottish border (some definitions include the Cheviot Hills). The South Pennines is a region of moorland and hill country in northern England lying towards the southern end of the Pennines.In the west it includes the Rossendale Valley and the West Pennine Moors.It is bounded by the Greater Manchester conurbation in the west and the Bowland Fells and Yorkshire Dales to the north. and is operated by Northern Rail.[52]. Larger population centres are in the foothills and lowlands fringing the southern Pennine range, such as Barnsley, Chesterfield, Halifax, Huddersfield, Macclesfield, Oldham, Rochdale, and Stockport but most of the northern Pennine range is thinly populated. Three trans-Pennine canals built during the Industrial Revolution cross the range: The first of three Woodhead Tunnels was completed by the Sheffield, Ashton-Under-Lyne and Manchester Railway in 1845, engineered by Charles Vignoles and Joseph Locke. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:Pennines (hills) . South of the Aire Gap is a western spur into east Lancashire, comprising the Rossendale Fells, West Pennine Moors[5] and the Bowland Fells in North Lancashire. The trail stretches for 268 miles (431 km) from Edale, in the northern Derbyshire Peak District, north through the Yorkshire Dales and Northumberland National Park and ends at Kirk Yetholm, just inside the Scottish border.The path runs along the Pennine hills, sometimes described as the "backbone of England". The folklore and customs are mostly based on Celtic, Anglo-Saxon and Viking customs and folklore. A misty morning on Oxpasture - geograph.org.uk - 582415.jpg 640 × 403; 146 KB This category has the following 152 subcategories, out of 152 total. [10] Parts of the Pennines are incorporated into the Peak District National Park and Yorkshire Dales National Park. The Pennines, Scottish Highlands, Southern Uplands and Snowdonia are the only areas of the UK in zone 7. The Pennines (), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, is a range of hills and mountains separating North West England from Yorkshire Pennines (), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, is a range of hills and mountains separating North West England from Yorkshire The hills are a series of highland blocks dissected by rivers such as the Tees, Aire and Ribble. Pennines, major upland mass forming a relief “backbone,” or “spine,” in the north of England, extending southward from Northumberland into Derbyshire. [47], Gaps that allow west–east communication across the Pennines include the Tyne Gap between the Pennines and the Cheviots, through which the A69 road and Tyne Valley railway link Carlisle and Newcastle upon Tyne. During the Viking Age Scandinavian settlers brought their language, Old Norse. Climate data for Great Dun Fell, North Pennines (848 m) 1981–2010 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov The Pennine climate is generally temperate like that of the rest of England, but the hills have more precipitation, stronger winds and colder weather than the surrounding areas. About Wikipedia; Disclaimers; Search. also Pennine Chain A range of hills extending about 260 km southward from the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border to central England. A misty morning on Oxpasture - geograph.org.uk - 582415.jpg 640 × 403; 146 KB The North Pennines AONB just north of the Yorkshire Dales rivals the national park in size and includes some of the Pennines' highest peaks and its most isolated and sparsely populated areas. Pennines - The Pennines /ˈpɛnaɪnz/ are a low-rising mountain range, separating the North West of England from Yorkshire and the North East. Pennines Range of hills in n England, extending from the Tyne Gap and Eden Valley on the border with Scotland to the valley of the River Trent. [38] The cities of Bradford, Derby, Leeds, Manchester, Sheffield, Stoke-on-Trent and Wakefield are also in the surrounding foothills and lowlands. Here tree suppression combined with the heavier rainfall results in blanket bog up to 7 ft (2 m) thick. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. More commonly, local names result from Anglo-Saxon and Norse settlements. Ilyen név például Penrith városé, a Pen-y-ghent lanka, az Eden-folyó, vagy Cumbria.Ennél gyakoribbak az angolszász vagy óészaki eredetű nevek. During Anglo-Saxon times the area was settled by Anglian peoples of Mercia and Northumbria, rather than the Saxon people of Southern England. The related and declining black grouse is still found in northern parts of the Pennines. Altitude and size. The first unqualified use of the name "Pennines" to describe the mountain range is found in the spurious book De Situ Britanniae, first published in 1757: This book purported to contain the account of a Roman general preserved in the manuscript of a 14th-century English monk, Richard of Cirencester, an… The rivers Eden, Ribble, Dane and tributaries of the Mersey (including the Irwell, Tame and Goyt) flow westwards towards the Irish Sea. The northern Pennine range is bordered by the foothills of the Lake District, and uplands of the Howgill Fells, Orton Fells and Cheviot Hills. The uplands have a short, steep western slope and dip gently eastward. [57] On poorly drained impermeable areas of millstone grit, shale or clays the topsoil gets waterlogged in winter and spring. Pennines synonyms, Pennines pronunciation, Pennines translation, English dictionary definition of Pennines. The mix of Celtic, Anglo-Saxon and Viking heritage resembled much of the rest of northern England and its culture developed alongside its lowland neighbours in northwest and northeast England. The traditional start of the Pennine Way is The Old Nags Head, Edale, and the traditional end point is Kirk_Yetholm, and the Border Hotel. The etymology of the Apennines themselves—whose name first referred to their northern extremity and then later spread southward—is also disputed but is usually taken to derive from some form of Celtic pen or ben ("mountain, head"). The region is widely considered to be one of the most scenic areas of the United Kingdom. Má tá … The Cheviot Hills, separated by the Tyne Gap and Whin Sill, along which run the A69 and Hadrian's Wall, are not part of the Pennines but, perhaps because the Pennine Way crosses them, they are treated as such. The limestone is exposed at the surface in the North Pennines, Yorkshire Dales and the Peak District. Pennines is within the scope of WikiProject Yorkshire, an attempt to build a comprehensive and detailed guide to Yorkshire on Wikipedia. The Pennine region is sparsely populated by English standards. Penninene er en fjellkjede i England som skiller Nordvest-England fra Yorkshire og Nordøst-England.Den kalles ofte «Englands ryggrad», ettersom den utgjør en mer eller mindre ubrutt kjede fra Peak District i Midlands gjennom Yorkshire Dales, West Pennine Moors og Cumbrian Fells til Cheviot Hills ved den skotske grensen. Today rail services along the Huddersfield line between Huddersfield and Victoria and Piccadilly stations in Manchester are operated by TransPennine Express and Northern. The erosion of peat still exposes stumps of ancient trees. [13] His own form of the name was the "Pennine Alps" (Alpes Peninos), which today is used for a western section of the continental Alps. It is not an ancient name, but the similarity of the two mountain ranges appealed to the classically educated. Penniny (anglicky Pennines) je nízké pohoří a vrchovina ve střední části Velké Británie, na severu Anglie. Media in category "Pennines (hills)" The following 67 files are in this category, out of 67 total. During the Dark Ages the Pennines were controlled by Celtic and Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. Landskap i Forest of Bowland. The Pennine uplands contained Bronze Age settlements, and evidence remains of Neolithic settlement including many stone circles and henges, such as Long Meg and Her Daughters.[37]. Sykdommen ble første gang påvist under koronavirusutbruddet i Wuhan i Kina i desember 2019. The South Pennines is a region of moorland and hill country in northern England lying towards the southern end of the Pennines.In the west it includes the Rossendale Valley and the West Pennine Moors.It is bounded by the Greater Manchester conurbation in the west and the Bowland Fells and Yorkshire Dales to the north. They are surrounded on the east, west, and south by the Vale of York, the [11] Britain's oldest long-distance footpath, the Pennine Way, runs along most of the Pennine Chain and is 268 miles (429 km) long. Covid-19, også skrevet COVID-19, (akronym for det engelske coronavirus disease 2019) er en viral luftveisinfeksjon forårsaket av sars-CoV-2, en type koronavirus i familie med sars. [29] Bowland is dominated by a central upland landform of deeply incised gritstone fells covered with tracts of heather-covered peat moorland, blanket bog and steep-sided wooded valleys linking the upland and lowland landscapes. The line was closed in 1981. During Roman times, the Brigantes were dominated by the Romans who exploited the Pennines for their natural resources including the wild animals found there. Between the northern and southern areas of exposed limestone between Skipton and the Dark Peak is a belt of exposed gritstone. Nord-England og tilstøtende områder, som viser den generelle omfanget av Pennines. Often said to be the " backbone of England", they form an unbroken range stretching from the Peak District in the Midlands , through the Yorkshire Dales , parts of Greater Manchester , the West Pennine Moors of Lancashire and Cumbrian Fells to the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border. The area shares a boundary with the Yorkshire Dales National Parkin th… Arctic hares, which were common in Britain during the Ice Age and retreated to the cooler, more tundra-like uplands once the climate warmed up, were introduced to the Dark Peak area of the Peak District in the 19th century. Cuir leis, chun cuidiú leis an Vicipéid. They include some of the largest caves in England at Gaping Gill, more than 350 ft (107 m) deep and Rowten Pot, 365 ft (111 m) deep. Media in category "Pennines (hills)" The following 67 files are in this category, out of 67 total. The northern Pennine range is bordered by the foothills of the Lake District, and uplands of the Howgill Fells, Orton Fells and Cheviot Hills. The mountains are not very tall and are often called hills. Precipitation is important for the area's biodiversity and human population. Not to be confused with Category:Pennine Alps . Ikke forveksles med Pennine Alps. [28] The South Pennines is an area of hills and moorlands with narrow valleys between the Peak District and Yorkshire Dales. Category:Pennines. The Trent and Ouse meet and enter the Humber at Trent Falls. In Yorkshire and Cumbria, many words of Norse origin, not commonly used in standard English, are part of everyday speech: for example, gill/ghyll (narrow steep valley), beck (brook or stream), fell (hill), and dale (valley).[26]. The main article for this category is Pennines. This narrow range of hills, over 2,000 feet at the highest point, stretches 250 miles from the Peak District of … Den raske, verdensomspennende spredningen førte til koronaviruspandemien fra mars 2020. Related to Pennines… In some parts, the trail has been re-routed as the numbers of hikers were causing substantial erosion. Historie. In the Peak District the A628 Woodhead road links the M67 motorway in Greater Manchester with the M1 motorway in South Yorkshire and Holme Moss is crossed by the A6024 road, whose highest point is near Holme Moss transmitting station between Longdendale and Holmfirth. 2017 kl. A Pennines földrajzi nevei nyomokban őrzik a valamikor itt élt kelták és rómaiak hagyatékát. The Southern Pennines Rural Regeneration Company (No. The United Kingdom is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of continental Europe.With a total area of approximately 248,532 square kilometres (95,960 sq mi), the UK occupies the major part of the British Isles archipelago and includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern one-sixth of the island of Ireland and many smaller surrounding islands. Cadwyn o fryniau yng ngogledd Lloegr yw'r Pennines neu'r Penwynion. Is sliabhraon i lárnach Sasana é na Pennines. The northwest is amongst the wettest regions of England and much of the rain falls on the Pennines. See also: pennines. The region is widely considered to be one of the most scenic areas of the United Kingdom. Between 1869 and 1876 the Midland Railway built the Settle-Carlisle Line through remote, scenic regions of the Pennines from near Settle to Carlisle passing Appleby-in-Westmorland and other settlements, some a distance from their stations. To the east it is fringed by the towns of West Yorkshire whilst to the … Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty are afforded much the same protection as national parks. Language; Watch; Edit; Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pennines (hills). Look it up now! The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or simply the United Kingdom (UK) is a sovereign country in Western Europe.It is a constitutional monarchy that is made up of four separate countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth, NATO and the G8.It had the sixth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP in … The Pennines are a mountain range in England. [13] In fact, Redmonds found repeated comparisons with the Italian Apennines going back at least as early as William Camden (1551–1623),[18] many of whose placenames and ideas Bertram incorporated into his work. Pennines. Wikipedia . [46] The main economic activities in the North Pennines include tourism, farming, timber and small-scale quarrying, due to the rural landscape. The West Pennine Moors, Rossendale Valley[5] and Forest of Bowland[6] are western spurs, the former two are in the South Pennines. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Keighley (/ ˈ k iː θ l i / KEETH-lee) is a former mill and market town as well as a civil parish in the City of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, 11 miles (18 km) north-west of Bradford, 11 miles (18 km) south of Ilkley, 13 miles (21 km), north of Halifax, 12 miles (19 km) south-east of Skipton, and 20 miles (32 km) north-west of Leeds at the confluence of the rivers Aire and Worth. The Trent drains the east and west sides of the southern Pennines, also reaching the North Sea through the Humber Estuary. Principal peaks in the Yorkshire Dales include Whernside 2,415 ft (736 m), Ingleborough 2,372 ft (723 m), High Seat 2,328 ft (710 m), Wild Boar Fell 2,324 ft (708 m) and Pen-y-ghent 2,274 ft (693 m). In the Dales and the White Peak, limestone exposure has caused the formation of large cave systems and watercourses. English . There are also significant challenges for managing tourism, farming and other developments within the National Park. It is believed that the north Pennines were under the control of the kingdom of Rheged. The London and North Western Railway acquired the Huddersfield and Manchester Railway in 1847 and built a single-line tunnel parallel to the canal tunnel at Standedge with a length of 3 miles, 57 yards (4803 m). Often described as the "backbone of England",[2][3][4] the Pennine Hills form a more-or-less continuous range in most of Northern England. The Howgill Fells[7] and Orton Fells[8] are sometimes considered to be part of the Pennines, both inside the Yorkshire Dales National Park. But the South Pennines are also the dramatic setting for other hidden gems including Todmorden, the Saddleworth villages, Marsden, Slaithwaite, Littleborough and Ripponden. Pennines formira sjevernu i južnu vododjelnicu koje određuju tok svih većih rijeka sjeverne Engleske. The Pennines are an important water catchment area with numerous reservoirs in the head streams of the river valleys. [48], Further south the A58 road traverses the Calder Valley between West Yorkshire and Greater Manchester reaching 1,282 feet (391 m) between Littleborough and Ripponden, while the A646 road along the Calder Valley between Burnley and Halifax reaches 764 feet (233 m) following valley floors. [48], The Pennines are traversed by the M62 motorway, the highest motorway in England at 1,221 feet (372 m) on Windy Hill near Junction 23.[48]. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or simply the United Kingdom (UK) is a sovereign country in Western Europe.It is a constitutional monarchy that is made up of four separate countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth, NATO and the G8.It had the sixth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP in 2019. Coordinates. The Yorkshire Dales are characterised by valleys, moorlands and fells[31] while the North Pennines consist of plateaus, moorlands, fells, edges and valleys, with most of the higher peaks in the west. The A66 road, its summit at 1,450 feet (440 m), follows the course of a Roman road from Scotch Corner to Penrith through the Stainmore Gap between the Eden Valley in Cumbria and Teesdale in County Durham. It was bored for the overhead electrification of the route and completed in 1953. Around 3000 BC a noticeable decline in tree pollen indicates that neolithic farmers were clearing woodland to increase grazing for domestic livestock, and studies at Linton Mires and Eshton Tarn find an increase in grassland species. [27] The Pennines are fringed by extensive lowlands including the Eden Valley, West Lancashire Coastal Plain, Cheshire Plain, Vale of York, and the Midland Plains. Based in Bury, Lancashire, Pennine is one of the UK’s leading independent business communication specialists with an impressive trading pedigree stretching back over 40 years. The tunnel was opened by the transport minister Alan Lennox-Boyd on 3 June 1954. Sléibhte Pennine Thuaidh; Sléibhte Pennine Theas; Is síol faoi thíreolaíocht Shasana é an t-alt seo. GeoNames. Alpine huts of Pennine Alps‎ (46 C, 40 F) Considerable areas of the Pennines are protected as UK national parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs). The trail stretches for 268 miles (431 km) from Edale, in the northern Derbyshire Peak District, north through the Yorkshire Dales and Northumberland National Park and ends at Kirk Yetholm, just inside the Scottish border.The path runs along the Pennine hills, sometimes described as the "backbone of England". Each of the structures consists of Carboniferous limestone overlain with Millstone Grit. The name of the Pennines, the Backbone of Britain, is taken from that of the Apennines, the Backbone of Italy. In the south the Peak District is essentially a flat-topped dome. Pennines se teško može nazvati masivom u pravom smislu, jer su njegova brda razbijena brojnim kratkim dolinama, (zvanim - dales) kojih ima posvuda, u svim smjerovima. [41] The South Pennines are predominantly industrial, with the main industries including textiles, quarrying and mining,[42] while other economic activities within the South Pennines include tourism and farming. Other high-level roads include Buttertubs Pass, named from limestone potholes near its 1,729-foot (527 m) summit, between Hawes in Wensleydale and Swaledale and the A684 road from Sedbergh to Hawes via Garsdale Head which reaches 1,100 feet (340 m). Terrain is lower towards the south, principal peaks in the South Pennines and Peak District include Kinder Scout 2,087 ft (636 m), Bleaklow 2,077 ft (633 m), Black Chew Head 1,778 ft (542 m), Rombalds Moor 1,319 ft (402 m) and Winter Hill 1,496 ft (456 m). ... Wikipedia. Here the shales and sandstones of the Millstone Grit form high hills occupied by moorland covered with bracken, peat, heather and coarse grasses;[36] the higher ground is uncultivable and barely fit for pasture. [43], Although the Forest of Bowland is mostly rural, the main economic activities in the area include farming[44] and tourism. Eventually, the Celtic tongue of the Pennines was replaced by early English as Anglo-Saxons and Vikings settled the area and assimilated the Celts.[54]. The Pennines are a mountain range in England. Other AONBs are Nidderdale east of the Yorkshire Dales, and the Bowland Fells, including Pendle Hill, west of the Yorkshire Dales. Maximum discharge through the Humber can reach 1,500 m3/s (53,000 cu ft/s).[34]. The Swale, Ure, Nidd, Wharfe, Aire, Calder and Don all flow into the Yorkshire Ouse, and reach the sea through the Humber Estuary. On the eastern side of the Pennines, the rivers Tyne, Wear, and Tees all drain directly to the North Sea. The flora found there can be found in other areas of moorland in Northern Europe and some species are also found in areas of tundra. The first two tunnels were replaced by Woodhead 3, which was longer at 3 miles 66 yards (4860m). In the Pennine millstone grit areas above an altitude of 900 feet (270 m) the topsoil is so acidic, pH 2 to 4, that it can grow only bracken, heather, sphagnum, and coarse grasses[36] such as cottongrass, purple moor grass and heath rush. Féach freisin. The Pennine hills were controlled by the tribal federation of the Brigantes, made up of small tribes who inhabited the area and cooperated on defence and external affairs. 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Hiking trail that runs the entire length of the Pennines, the former two are in hardiness zones and. Lime and oak is difficult to ascertain whether or not it was distinct from Old....: the Pennine hills of Great Britain, is taken from that of the United.. Is sparsely populated by English standards, Scottish Highlands, southern uplands and Snowdonia are only! Was spoken is also unknown and hosted by the USDA to colonize and pine and birch predominated o yng... Viking Danes in the Pennines are protected as UK National parks within the scope of WikiProject Yorkshire an... Maximum discharge through the Humber at Trent Falls in some parts, the two. For the purpose of growing plants, the former two are in category... Is taken from that of the two mountain ranges appealed to the North.. Similar to the North Sea through the Humber Estuary hardiness zones 7 and 8 as! Was widely believed and considered uncomfortable řídce osídlené, významné rekreační oblastí, převažuje chov ovcí along...

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