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London Profile Books, 2018. In an age of increasing religious uncertainty, spiritualistic experiment and imperial fears, Gothic provided a safe space for both ancient demons and modern psychological anxiety. The American writer Mary E. Wilkins, a prolific writer of good ghost stories, has a particularly poignant one, 'The Lost Ghost', in which a confused and shivering wraith-child is looking for her mother – for any warm, living mother. About as domestic as you can get is the setting of Madelene Yale Wynne's 'The Little Room'(1895) in which a 'little room' in a New England farmhouse regularly morphs into a china closet. Careers and opportunities. The text focuses on a supposed psychological study of a Parisian man who experimented with the pleasures and sensations that are renounced as sin for the sake of nineteenth-century virtue (100). Class, Culture, and Anxiety in the Victorian Era. If women’s lives are confined to the home, they are perhaps more likely to … J. Sheridan Le Fanu, 'Authentic Narrative of the Ghost of a Hand' in The House by the Churchyard (1861), 'Green Tea' (1872), Carmilla (1872) The point of the vampire is of course to introduce some notion the exchange of bodily fluids, 'slippery blisses' (Keats) that cannot at this time be mentioned in wholesome fiction. This appears in the trope of the doomed romance, as in Edgar Allan Poe’s “Annabel Lee,” or in the appearance of a demonic lover figure, such as the bloodthirsty vampire in Bram Stoker’s “Dracula.” Ackroyd, Peter. However, the genre did not truly take off until the Victorian era, which spanned most of the nineteenth-century. Ironically Basil and Lord Henry are the two key influences over his character development throughout the text and in keeping with the theme of aestheticism, both present Dorian with a piece of art that aid in Dorian’s character development. However, Twitchell does not take into account that Dorian’s attic is where the true face of the Gothic monster resides and where the climax of Basil’s murder eventually takes place after Dorian reveals the painting’s nature. Book Description. Victorian literature is literature, mainly written in English, during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901) (the Victorian era).It was preceded by Romanticism and followed by the Edwardian era (1901–1910).. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, 'The Yellow Wallpaper' (1892) The Picture of Dorian Gray is a comedy of manners and a horror of beauty that corrupts the soul and the picture acts as a mirror to the soul to show the monster within. The Victorian period was one of excess, social change, empire, and a symbiotic relationship between beauty and moral fidelity. In his dream world he thinks he escapes the hangman's noose and returns to his family. These tropes included psychological and physical terror; mystery and the … Villain. Gothic fiction(sometimes referred to as Gothic horror) is a genre of literature that combines elements of both horrorand romance. In the Victorian era, Gothic novels even provided an outlet for exploration of sexuality, as seen in Edgar Allan Poe’s 1849 poem, “Annabel Lee.” 6. Just one little boy in the story's long Scottish summer twilight sees what the girl sees: 'yon windy yonder in the library that is nae windy.' The story begins with the arrival of mysterious Mrs Graham at the long-dilapidated Wildfell Hall. The history of Gothic literature dates back to 18th century England. Through this duplicitous characterization, Wilde creates a more sinister creature outside the typical good and sublime, evil and grotesque binary of Victorian Gothic. Gothic literature began in the mid-eighteenth-century with Horace Walpole’s ‘The Castle of Otranto’, which is widely considered to the first true work of Gothic fiction (‘The Castle of Otranto’). Bram Stoker, 'The Judge's House' (1891) The result of this was a call for social segregation of the working class for any further successful development of London suburbs (Ackroyd 523). Lord Henry presents Dorian with an obscure book without a title that in his youth had shaped many of his opinions that he promotes (19). Lovecraft, "The Picture in the House" (1920). Britain: Fletcher & Son Ltd, 1973. England: Blackwell Publishing, 2012. Dorian deduces that if he can keep the beauty of the portrait unsoiled then he has successfully maintained the purity of his soul (78). The novel’s theme of aestheticism is a critique of  Victorian moral panic. (Guy 177). The Victorians became very aesthetically focused on surfaces and surface beauty. Sampson, Fiona. In Search of Mary Shelley: The Girl Who Wrote Frankenstein. While other Gothic novels portray Victorian London was the embodiment of the empire to be invaded or corrupted due to its virtuous civility and morality and supreme nature, Oscar Wilde maintains that the city as an environment is already corrupted through its population’s moral ambiguity and unethical practices despite its beautiful aesthetic. England: Wordsworth Classics 1890. White, Jerry. A Guide to the Gothic by Jack Clark is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. The influence of religion over the general populace was also subject to change; the focus on scientific research into the origins of creation, and post-Enlightenment rationale claimed that religion was part of prior superstition before natural phenomenon could be explained through the scientific process. Victorian Hauntings: Spectrality, Gothic, the Uncanny and Literature | Julian Wolfreys (auth.) Achetez neuf ou d'occasion To support OCR Literature A Level study. As a result of these key factors, England began to secularise. The Victorians use of art as a tool for social education and moral enlightenment, and to reinforce the superficial nature of this idealistic moral society. These are the words that initially influence Dorian to unwittingly trade his soul for eternal youth and Lord Henry convinces him that beauty and youth are the only things worth having (21). ———. But there is no window. …to have stemmed largely from Gothic European literature of the 18th and 19th centuries, about the time vampire hysteria was peaking in Europe. The Picture of Dorian Gray. Algernon Blackwood specialises in stories about explorers spooked by something altogether wilder and grander: the wilderness. Charles Dickens, 'The Signal-Man' (1861) Stevenson’s work was an inspiration to Wilde when conceptualizing the duality of Victorian society. Don’t try and influence him. Poe's Gothic world was imported from Europe, but there was by now plenty of past to exploit in America. Bands like Rasputina may catch their attention, and other more opera-like bands and classical music, as was in the Victorian Era. Dorian eventually realizes the emptiness of his life and believes that he may be able to change for the right reason after he meets a woman he is genuinely attracted too (174). Gothic literature was a significant aspect of this counter-revolution in England, often being classed as romantic texts, while simultaneously invoking supernatural themes, reacting to the picturesque paradigm that was inherent in Victorian mentality which gave Wilde his inspiration (Whelan 100). The spirits of newly annexed territory in this great age of European colonisation often hit back like this, establishing a late-Victorian sub-form, 'Imperial Gothic.' London: William Collins, 2014. Thomas, Donald. L’ouvrage de Jarlath Killeen, Gothic Literature 1825-1914, se propose, non pas tant de synthétiser les études des trente dernières années sur le Gothique, mais d’aborder la littérature « Gothique » du dix-neuvième siècle et du début du vingtième siècle d’une façon peut-être plus neutre. It is the outward appearance and wealth that determine the quality of the man despite any controversy. Womack, Kenneth. London: Routledge, 1998. While in the preceding Romantic period, poetry had tended to dominate, the novel became the defining literary art form of the Victorian period. Whereas Dorian naively enacts Lord Henry’s philosophy whilst maintaining the façade of his manners and morality within the Victorian social landscape. Pater’s faith in Christianity waned as he began advocating for human character and morality driven by sensational pleasures, a philosophy that Wilde was partial too in his advocacy for “art for art’s sake” rather than the Victorian necessity to assign moral lessons for the middle and upper classes and social education to the artwork. The results can be seen in Tennyson’s fairy poems of the early 1830s, Charlotte Brontë hiding guilty secrets in the Gothic towers of Thornfield in Jane Eyre (1847), and the way Edgar Allan Poe's 'The Pit and the Pendulum' (1842) cruelly reconstructs the torture-chambers of the Spanish Inquisition. Dorians own simultaneous superficial and visceral duplicity writing and poetry depicts eerie, supernaturalistic scenes and.! Is only after that the perversion of Lord Henry ’ s soul and the role of corruption,... Eastern threat that could upset modern technological might with ancient supernatural power men had. 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