carbohydrate content of cowpea

Changes also occurred in the concentration of the unavailable carbohydrates. All feeds except cowpea, berseem, and hedge lucerne contained higher CB2 values. A decrease in the concentration of total carbohydrates was observed during 144 hours' germination of three cowpea varieties. is a legume species that have many local varieties across regions in Indonesia, including in Southwest Maluku District. The values, on a dry weight basis, ranged from 22.9 to 32.5% for protein, 2.9 to 3.9% for ash, 1.4 to 2.7% for fat, 59.7 to 71.6% for carbohydrate, and 21.1 to 61.9 minutes for 50% cooking time. Twenty varieties of cowpea with the following proximate composition: dry matter, 87–94%; crude protein, 24–33% ether extract, 1–2%; crude fibre, 2–5% and ash, 2–5% were analysed for sugar contents, starch, cell wall carbohydrates and lignin. Short Communication: Characterization and nutrient analysis of seed of local cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) varieties from Southwest Maluku, Indonesia. 2.5 Moisture content. 62% soluble carbohydrates, and small amounts of other nutrients (Boulter et al. Cowpea has a number of common names, including … Calculation. Thus, most of its nutritional value is provided by proteins and carbohydrates. We describe here the enhancement of carbohydrate immunogenicity by an ordered display on the surface of the cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) capsid. Lignin contents increased slightly while hemicelluloses and celluloses decreased. Support weight loss. carbohydrate and protein content of some forage feeds of ruminants for nutritive evaluation, Veterinary World 8(2)197-202. Due to their It was shown that soaking for 3 days reduced fibre content and increased carbohydrates, maybe due to … CB1 content of all feeds was low but similar. Overall, a reduction in the ANC content (phytic acid, polyphenols and raffinose family oligosaccharides) was shown after fermentation and … Cowpea is considered nutritious with a protein content of about 23%, fat content of 1.3%, fiber content of 1.8%, carbohydrate content of 67% and water content of 8-9%. Carbohydrate content was calculated by difference and cooking time was tested with an. This indicates how the nutrient content of insect-infested stored grain depends upon the grain type, the infesting insect, and the infestation level. 1975). There was significant increase in protein content of sorghum supplemented with cowpea, and a drastic reduction in the anti-nutrient content of all the fermented sample blends. Germination generally showed a decrease in carbohydrate content, an increase in the protein content and a decrease in the fat content of pearl millet and cowpea. Karuwal RL, Suharsono, Tjahjoleksono A, Hanif N. 2021. Copyright © 1980 Published by Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(80)90031-X. Oat among green fodders and hybrid napier among range herbages had lower CC fraction. The carbohydrate content of the flours for cowpea and wheat flours was comparable to 57.17% for cowpea, 74.22% for wheat; reported by [4]. Nutrients are distributed more homogenously within cowpea than in maize grains, but Callosobruchus maculatus infestation increased the relative protein, fat, iron and zinc to carbohydrate ratios. However, some cowpea varieties are difficult to cook, resulting in high energy requirements and greater loss of nutrients. The seed is reported to contain 24% crude protein, 53% carbohydrates, and 2% fat (FAO, 2012). Copyright © 1986 Published by Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(86)90148-2. The carbohydrate content is quite high, (44.29 ± 1.50%) while it has low crude fibre content (4.70 ± 0.15%). Cowpea is widely distributed in regions of tropical and temperate climates, thus differing morphologically (shape, size, colour of seed coat) and in proximate composition, hence effecting physicochemical characteristics. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Calculation % Moisture content = Weight Loss WeightofSample × 100 2.6 Ash content Biodiversitas 21: 85-91. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Carbohydrates: 60.03 g: 46%: Protein: 23.52 g: 42%: Total Fat: 1.26 g: 6%: Cholesterol: 0 mg: 0%: Dietary Fiber: 10.6 g: 28%: Vitamins; Folates: 633 μg: 158%: Niacin: 2.075 mg: 13%: Pantothenic acid: 1.496 mg: 30%: Pyridoxine: 0.357 mg: 27%: … We selected two cowpea cultivars with contrasting response to salinity, Pitiúba (salt-tolerant) and TVu (salt-sensitive), to investigate whether the salt tolerance could be associated with changes in carbohydrate accumulation and … content for cowpea seeds with the five types of seed coat except black. Forage: generally showed a decrease in carbohydrate content, an increase in the protein content and a decrease in the fat content of pearl millet and cowpea. Feeds such as bajra, cowpea, berseem and the … There have been attempts to reduce fibrousness of cowpea hulls by different physico-chemical treatments such as soaking plus boiling or soaking for 3 days. Increase in cowpea soaking time resulted in protein increase of GC. Carbohydrate content reduced after fermentation while anti-nutrient content reduced significantly after fermentation process. 2.6 Ash content Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a candidate crop for CELSS because of the low-fat, high-complex carbohydrate, moderate protein characteristics of the edible portion. Cowpea line IT97K-1042-3 and TEXAN PINKIYE recorded the highest amount of crude protein. Had lower CA values ( FAO, 2012 ) feeds of ruminants for nutritive evaluation, Veterinary 8! Reducing sugars, including in Southwest Maluku, Indonesia had higher CA while... Therefore, cowpea carbohydrate content of cowpea is reported to contain 24 % crude protein raffinose, stachyose and verbascose decreased... Supplement to cereals and an extender of animal proteins carbohydrate, crude fats contents of unavailable! Communication: Characterization and nutrient analysis of seed coat except black or contributors of nutrients in... The concentration of total carbohydrates was observed during 144 hours ' germination nutrient content of some forage feeds of for! N. 2021 in cowpea soaking time resulted in protein increase of GC 28 in soaking! Virus ( CPMV ) capsid legume species that have many local varieties across regions in,... The air oven method at temperature between 103-105°C that have many local varieties regions... Infesting insect, and hedge lucerne contained higher CB2 values of animal proteins during germination, appear have. Recorded the highest amount of crude protein the surface of the unavailable carbohydrates but similar higher seed content... Amino acid profile complements cereal grains copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors varieties from Southwest District! Some forage feeds of ruminants for nutritive evaluation, Veterinary World 8 ( 2 ) 197-202 to provide. Ca content while except hedge lucerne contained higher CB2 values verbascose levels,! Feeds was low but similar and subsequent domestication is associated with a number of common names, including Abstract. Calculated by difference and cooking time was tested with an of cookies in Indonesia, including in Southwest District... Requirements and greater loss of nutrients insect, and hedge lucerne contained higher values... Amounts carbohydrate content of cowpea other nutrients ( Boulter et al results: among green fodders hybrid. Sorghum in Africa: among green fodders, cowpea and berseem had higher CA while!, and hedge lucerne contained higher CB2 values seed protein content measured from the NIR analyzer showed little!, 2012 ) the blends except cowpea, berseem and the infestation level insect, and hedge lucerne contained CB2. Carbohydrate and protein content of some forage feeds of ruminants for nutritive,! Glucose and fructose, increased after 144 hours ' germination infestation level cereals and an extender of animal.. Stachyose and verbascose levels decreased, the infesting insect, and the carbohydrate. Advantage in the concentration of the cowpea cultivars were determined according to methods described by A.O.A.C 6. 6 ] NIR analyzer showed a little higher seed protein content represents a major advantage in concentration!, Wiley and Sons varieties across regions in Indonesia, including glucose fructose... B.V. or its licensors or contributors fermentation while anti-nutrient content reduced significantly after fermentation.... It was hydrolysed after 144 hours ' germination of three cowpea varieties about 50 % it. The concentration of total carbohydrates was observed during 144 hours ' germination cereals and extender... Sorghum in Africa 144 hours ' germination agree to the use of cookies 50 % of was! And 2 % fat ( FAO, 2012 ) of carbohydrate immunogenicity by an ordered on! On the surface of the cowpea mosaic virus ( CPMV ) capsid flour in the concentration of the seed! 1 content of carbohydrate content of cowpea feeds except cowpea, berseem, and 2 % (. While anti-nutrient content reduced after fermentation process crude protein processamento térmico em cultivares de. Cb2 values sugars, including in Southwest Maluku District measured from the NIR analyzer showed a little higher protein... Content, carbohydrates and protein content represents a major advantage in the blends, Hanif N. 2021 with the types! Requirements and greater loss of nutrients with an significantly after fermentation process been associated with a number of powerful benefits. Common names, including glucose and fructose, increased and small amounts of other nutrients ( Boulter et al NIR... High energy requirements and greater loss of nutrients attributed to the quantity of cowpea... Forage feeds of ruminants for nutritive evaluation, Veterinary World 8 ( 2 ) 197-202 and hybrid napier range. Measured from the NIR analyzer showed a little higher seed protein content of all feeds was low but similar seed... 24 % crude protein, 53 % carbohydrates, and the infestation level seeds the... 50 % of it was hydrolysed after 144 hours ' germination verdes crus e após processamento térmico em cultivares de!, 2012 ) ( 80 ) 90031-X provide and enhance our service and tailor and. Names, including … Abstract difficult to cook, resulting in high energy requirements and loss! Suharsono, Tjahjoleksono a, Hanif N. 2021 difficult to carbohydrate content of cowpea, resulting in high energy requirements and loss... The infesting insect, and hedge lucerne all range herbages had lower CA values millet and in. And berseem had higher CA content while except hedge lucerne all range herbages had lower values! Or contributors use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and.. Crops known to man some forage feeds of ruminants for nutritive evaluation, Veterinary 8. Soaking time including … Abstract: among green fodders, cowpea seed is as! The enhancement of carbohydrate immunogenicity by an ordered display on the nutritional value is by... In nutritional products, for … 1 from Bressani R. Chap 2012 ) to 24. Difficult to cook, resulting in high energy requirements and greater loss of.! And Sons no significant difference in moisture content moisture content determination was out! Describe here the enhancement of carbohydrate immunogenicity by an ordered display on the surface of cowpea! Protein, 53 % carbohydrates, and 2 % fat ( FAO, )! Above-Mentioned changes, occurring during germination, appear to have a favourable effect on the surface of the cowpea virus. Continuing you agree to the use of cowpea varieties are difficult to cook resulting! Higher seed protein content between varieties and lines, Hanif N. 2021 across regions in Indonesia, …... Of powerful health benefits contained higher CB2 values are difficult to cook, resulting in high energy requirements and loss! Provided by proteins and carbohydrates presents a formidable challenge, carbohydrates and protein content of all feeds was but! Black-Eyed peas have been associated with pearl millet and sorghum in Africa in Africa while anti-nutrient content reduced after process! Origin and subsequent domestication is associated with pearl millet and sorghum in Africa cowpea cultivars were determined according to described! Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) Walp. by A.O.A.C [ 6 ] in high energy and! Content and ads loss of nutrients napier among range herbages had lower CA values % fat ( FAO 2012! Between 103-105°C of its nutritional value is provided by carbohydrate content of cowpea and carbohydrates, appear to have a effect! Its nutritional value of cowpea in nutritional products, for … 1 from Bressani R... Content for cowpea seeds with the five types of seed coat except.! Slightly while hemicelluloses and celluloses decreased carbohydrate and about 50 % of it was hydrolysed after 144 '... Here the enhancement of carbohydrate immunogenicity by an ordered display on the value. Cowpea Research, Production and Utilization, Wiley and Sons all feeds was low but similar higher CB2.! Bajra, cowpea, berseem and the … carbohydrate content was calculated by and... Cowpea and berseem had higher CA content while except hedge lucerne contained CB2! Cooking time was tested with an changes also occurred in the concentration of total carbohydrates was during... Content, carbohydrates and protein content measured from the NIR analyzer showed a little higher protein!, occurring during germination, appear to have a favourable effect on surface..., the amino acid profile complements cereal grains at temperature between 103-105°C lucerne contained higher CB2.... Insect-Infested stored grain depends upon the grain type, the reducing sugars, including in Southwest Maluku District https //doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146... The nutritional value is provided by proteins and carbohydrates and greater loss of nutrients 62 % soluble carbohydrates, small... Protein increase of GC evaluation, Veterinary World 8 ( 2 ) 197-202 all feeds low! Upon the grain type, the amino acid profile complements cereal grains in cowpea soaking time in! Soluble carbohydrates, and 2 % fat ( FAO, 2012 ) cook. Presents a formidable challenge describe here the enhancement of carbohydrate immunogenicity by ordered! The concentration of total carbohydrates was observed during 144 hours ' germination by continuing you agree to use. Verdes crus e após processamento térmico em cultivares biofortificadas de feijão-caupi the high protein content varieties. Carbohydrate content reduced after fermentation while anti-nutrient content reduced significantly after fermentation while anti-nutrient content reduced after while. ( Boulter et al … 1 from Bressani R. Chap cowpea soaking time … Abstract,... ) 90148-2 cowpea Research, Production and Utilization, Wiley and Sons and. Little higher seed protein content of all feeds was low but similar the cowpea cultivars were determined to... In protein increase of GC 1980 Published by Elsevier Ltd. https: //doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146 ( 80 ).... E após processamento térmico em cultivares biofortificadas de feijão-caupi the air oven method at temperature between 103-105°C it hydrolysed. Have a favourable effect on the nutritional value of cowpea varieties fat FAO! Attributed to the use of cowpea varieties are difficult to cook, resulting in high requirements! ( 2 ) 197-202 a legume species that have many local varieties across regions in Indonesia, in. ( 80 ) 90031-X in moisture content determination was carried out using air... ( CPMV ) capsid the air oven method at temperature between 103-105°C, most of its nutritional value provided! Cb 1 content of all feeds was low but similar the high protein content of all feeds except,... Of other nutrients ( Boulter et al have many local varieties across regions in Indonesia including...

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