yellow river, china

China’s Yellow River, or Huang He, is the world’s muddiest. The headwaters of this mighty river lie in Kunlun Mountains in northwestern Qinghai Province. We're a passionate team of one hundred avid travelers who love to share our knowledge The plateau contains terraced slopes as well as alluvial plains and a scattering of peaks sometimes rising more than 1,500 feet (450 metres) above the plateau. & Referral Program. It runs through nine provinces and empties into the Bohai Sea, just south of Beijing. Before damming, it was extremely prone to flooding, and had caused millions of deaths, including the deadliest disaster in human history. In its lower reaches it is a shifting, turbulent, silt-laden stream that often overflows its banks and sends floodwaters across the North China Plain. The provinces of Hebei and Henan derive their names from the Huang He.Their names mean respectively “north” and “south” of the (Yellow) River." © 1998-2020 China Highlights — Discovery Your Way! The Yellow River is not just a river of China, but also the symbol of the Chinese spirit: bearing burdens (its sedimentation), adaptation (its course changes), and perseverance (its continual flow). Yellow River, China: see Huang He Huang He, Hwang Ho, or Yellow River, great river of N China, c.3,000 mi (4,830 km) long, rising in the twin lakes Gyaring and Ngoring in the Kunlun Mts., NW Qinghai prov..... Click the link for more information.. Yellow River, China 1994-09-30. It originates in on Tibet-Qinghai plateau — like the Yangtze, China's largest … The river rises in southern Qinghai province on the Plateau of Tibet and crosses six other provinces and two autonomous regions in its course to the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli), an embayment of the Yellow Sea of the North Pacific Ocean. Known as the mother river by all the Chinese people, the 5,464-kilometer (about 3,395 miles) Yellow River is the second longest in China after the Yangtze River . By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Attractions, China Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Flowing northeast to the Bo Hai Sea from the Bayan Har Mountains, the Yellow River crosses a plateau blanketed with up to 300 meters (980 feet) of fine, wind-blown soil. That transition marks the end of the upper Yellow River, which is some 725 miles (1,165 km) from its source. The Yellow River originates from the Bayan Har Mountains, where water flows through swamps and pastures steadily with a clear appearance. In China, people sometimes refer to the Yellow River as the River of Sorrow or the Scourge of the Sons of Han. Yellow River Dam, Henan Province China - Planet Labs satellite image.jpg 4,080 × 3,060; 1.86 MB Yellow River Delta Animation.gif 800 × 534; 1.45 MB Yellow river jinan after rain.jpg 3,264 × … Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Senior Scientist, State Hydrological Institute, St. Petersburg. The river then turns eastward and flows for another 500 miles (800 km) through alluvial plains in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, in places branching into numerous distributary channels. Since 1960 over 14 dams have been constructed on the river for hydroelectric power, which is vital to northern China's infrastructure. What are synonyms for Yellow River, China? Portion of the Huang He (Yellow River) at Lanzhou, Gansu province, northwestern China. A great amount of archeological information proves that the Yellow River was the most prosperous region in early Chinese history (2100–1046 BC). The loess strata reach thicknesses of 160 to 200 feet (50 to 60 metres) and in some places as much as 500 feet (150 metres). Almost all Chinese agree that the Yellow River Basin was the cradle of Chinese Civilization. The river’s width usually does not exceed 150 to 200 feet (45 to 60 metres) in that section, as it cuts through narrow gorges with steep slopes several hundred feet (above 100 metres) in height. Read more on Yellow River Attractions. The plain is a great, nearly featureless alluvial fan broken only by the low hills of central Shandong; it was formed over some 25 million years as the Yellow River and other rivers deposited enormous quantities … NASA Washington, DC, United States. BEIJING, Jan. 7 (Xinhua) -- Almost 800 km of China's Yellow River has frozen as cold waves sweep over northern parts of the country. The river at first flows northeast for about 550 miles (880 km) through the sandy soils of the northern Hui Autonomous Region of Ningxia and of the western Ordos Plateau. Yellow River, also called Huang He, principal river of northern China, east-central and eastern Asia. Down to the Inner Mongolia, is has a name of Ȟatan Gol, means “the yellow river”, though originally, in Mongolian, the Yellow River of this section was called the "Black River", as it ran clear prior to its entry onto the Loess Plateau. The Yellow River flows through the city. The underlying rock systems are covered with thick layers of loose soils, consisting mainly of wind-deposited sand and loess. China Highlights tailor-makes China tours to help travelers discover China The Yellow River is often called the cradle of Chinese civilization. YELLOW RIVER. Yellow River Museum This museum is currently closed due to construction of the Zhengzhou Subway, and will likely be closed for quite some time. Explore connections. In the past, tourists came here to see the desert-like scenery. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Yellow-River, Social Studies for Kids - The Huang He River, China, Huang He - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Huang He (Yellow River) - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Yellow River is also known as the "cradle of Chinese civilization" or the "Mother River." The broad highlands of the upper course rise 1,000 to 1,700 feet (300 to 500 metres) above the river and its tributaries. China’s Huang He (Yellow River) is the most sediment-filled river on Earth. The Yellow River or Huang He is the "mother river of China". History, Chinese Yellow River, Chinese (Pinyin) Huang He or (Wade-Giles romanization) Huang Ho, also spelled Hwang Ho, English Yellow River, principal river of northern China, east-central and eastern Asia. The government is taking measures to deal with Yellow River pollution, such as setting limits on the volume of major pollutants discharged into rivers and lakes, and controlling overuse of water resources. Test the density—or sparsity—of your knowledge of China in this quiz. Antonyms for Yellow River, China. With broad river area, Yellow River is not the only name it got. In the central area of China, the Yellow River was simply named as He (means river in modern Chinese) in early Chinese literature. Its basin was the center of Chinese politics, economy and culture for over 2,000 years. But in recent years, with the treatment of the Yellow River, tourists are coming for one more purpose: to see the "green" Yellow River. Contact us and we can tailor-make a tour with the Yellow River and any other places you are interested in. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. Major cities located along the Yellow River include, starting from the source: Lanzhou, Wuhai, Baotou, Kaifeng, and Jinan. Author of. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. The Yellow River, or Huang He, is the second longest river in China stretching almost 5500km through nine provinces, making it the sixth longest river in the world.Its nickname, the "Mother River", is apt as these snaking waters have sustained Chinese civilizations since ancient times. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. It is the second-longest river in China (after the Yangtze), and sixth longest in the world. Past the gorges, near the city of Lanzhou in southeastern Gansu province, it leaves the Plateau of Tibet. Its basin was the center of Chinese politics, economy and culture for over 2,000 years. Many poems and songs sing the spirit of Yellow River and Chinese people, including Defend the Yellow River (保卫黄河), and Ode to The Yellow River (黄河颂). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). At the confluence with the Wei, the Yellow River turns sharply to the east for another 300 miles (480 km) as it flows through inaccessible gorges between the Zhongtiao and eastern Qin (Tsinling) mountains. Updates? The upper course drains a basin covering about 48,000 square miles (124,000 square km), consisting chiefly of inaccessible, highly mountainous, sparsely populated terrain with a cold climate. It is the second-longest river in China (after the Yangtze), and sixth longest in the world. The river has three stages of which different scholars have given variant opinions on the division of these stages. The river has cut at least six terraces across the plateau, which rise to more than 1,600 feet (500 metres) above the present river level. The fi… In pics: frozen surface of Yellow River in Shizuishan, NW China - … Between 608 BC and 1938 AD, the Yellow River changed course 26 times, and flooded over 1,500 times. China has had the good fortune to have two great rivers: the Yangtze and the Yellow River (or Huang He). In Qinghai area, where its source is, the river's Tibetan name is "River of the Peacock". A river of northern China rising in the Kunlun Mountains and flowing about 5,400 km generally eastward to the Bohai Sea. Omissions? Through those loose deposits the river has cut deep valleys, carrying away with it huge quantities of surface material, making that region one of the most highly eroded landscapes in the world. 2 synonyms for Yellow River: Huang He, Hwang Ho. With global warming, decrease in rainfall in the Yellow River Basin, and increasing water demands for irrigation, industry, etc., the Yellow River has been used up by its lower reaches since 1972, when it ran dry for the first time in recorded history. It runs through nine provinces and autonomous regions on its way to the Bohai Sea. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Synonyms for Yellow River, China in Free Thesaurus. The Yellow River in that region flows generally from west to east. Since 2011 I’ve been working on the second part: following the Yellow their way. The terraces, formed over the past 2.5 million years, provide an important record of landscape evolution and ancient environmental change in the region. Those shallow lakes, each covering an area of about 400 square miles (1,000 square km), are rich in fish and freeze over in winter. Yellow River (Huang He), eastern Qinghai province, China. It is not exaggerating to say that this river is a melting port, because there are more than 30 … Hukou Waterfall is the classic Yellow River attraction. China will beef up efforts to safeguard the Yellow River by establishing a working mechanism that delivers both ecological protection and high-quality development, a … The Yellow River is divided into three distinct parts: the mountainous upper course, the middle course across a plateau, and the lower course across a low plain. In its upper reaches the river crosses two large bodies of water, Lakes Ngoring and Gyaring. With a length of 3,395 miles, it is the country’s second longest river—surpassed only by the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang)—and its drainage basin is the third largest in China (about 290,000 square miles). The longest dry period lasted 226 days in 1997. The Yellow River then turns sharply to the south and flows for about 445 miles (715 km), forming the border between Shaanxi and Shanxi provinces. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Yellow River is 5,464 kilometers (3,398 miles) long, stretching west–east 1900 km (1,180 miles), and meandering north–south 1,100 km (684 miles). The river then gradually widens, notably after receiving the waters of its two longest tributaries—first the Fen River of Shanxi province and then the Wei River of Shaanxi. Aerial footage of the Yellow River (Huang He) at Linfen, Shanxi province, and of the Hukou Falls, which form the border between Shanxi (at Linfen) and Shaanxi (at Yan'an) provinces, China. A river of northern China rising in the Kunlun Mountains and flowing about 5,400 km generally eastward to the Bohai Sea. As of late 2015 there are no plans, so far as I know, for opening it again at this site, or at least opening it any time soon. The average fall in that stretch is slightly more than 1 foot per mile (20 cm per km) and becomes increasingly rapid in the last 100 miles (160 km) before the river reaches the North China Plain at the city of Zhengzhou in Henan province. Drought in the Yellow River region has brought serious challenges to agricultural development and the cities near the Yellow River. Low water flow and water level this year … By 11 a.m. Thursday, a total of 787.1 km of the river had frozen over, according to the Yellow River Conservancy Commission of the Ministry of Water Resources. Listen to Chorus of the Yellow River by China Central Philharmonic Orchestra & Choir, Liao Sha & Ye Mao on Apple Music. The river enters a region of deep gorges, winding its way first southeast, then northwest around the A’nyêmaqên (Amne Machin) Mountains, where its fall exceeds 10 feet per mile (2 metres per km), and then east again between the Xiqing and Laji mountains. Each year, over 1.6 billion tons of soil flows into the Yellow River, which causes the continual rise and shift of the riverbed. The Yellow River’s upper reaches begin at its source in the Bayan Har Mountains and ends Hekou Town in Inner Mongolia. The Yellow River or Huang He is the "mother river of China". A research group in China has found that industrial pollution and urban sewage has made one-third of the water in the Yellow River unusable. The mouth of the Yellow River is located at Dongying, Shandong. The elevati… Yellow River - Yellow River - The lower course: Downstream from Zhengzhou the Yellow River broadens out to flow through Henan and Shandong provinces across the North China Plain. Originating in the Bayankala Mountains, the Yellow River now passes nine Chinese provinces, Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan and Shandong. If you want to visit any cities or any attractions near the Yellow River, China Highlights can assist you. Is China the most densely populated country on Earth? Most of the middle course is cut through the Loess Plateau, which extends eastward from the Plateau of Tibet to the North China Plain at elevations ranging between 3,000 and 7,000 feet (900 and 2,100 metres). Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? China Area This segment of the river is 2,157 miles long. It has many rapids there, and in a number of places it narrows. Top attractions of the Yellow River include forest parks, deserts, grasslands, the Loess Plateau, ancient capitals, and a "chocolate" waterfall. Guide, China Top It is the world's major river with the most excessive siltation. The Yellow River (Huang He) is regarded as the ‘Mother of China’. Yellow River synonyms, Yellow River pronunciation, Yellow River translation, English dictionary definition of Yellow River. The city of Lanzhou, in northwestern China, has also become more environment-friendly. The Yellow River basin has an enormous population—exceeded by only a small number of countries—and the river and its tributaries flow past some of China’s oldest cities, including Lanzhou, Baotou, Xi’an (Sian), Taiyuan, Luoyang, Zhengzhou, Kaifeng, and Jinan. Along the Yellow River, there are many worthwhile attractions and many tourist cities, such as Lanzhou, Zhongwei, Yinchuan, Baotou, Yan'an, Luoyang, Zhengzhou, and Kaifeng.Â. The Yellow River is the second longest river in China, the main river in north China, and the cradle of Chinese civilization as the Nile is cradle of Egyptian civilization. Yellow River, China synonyms, Yellow River, China pronunciation, Yellow River, China translation, English dictionary definition of Yellow River, China. The easily eroded loess soil accounts for the instability of the riverbed both in the middle basin, where the erosion is considerable, and on the plain, where deposition builds up the channel bed. For that reason, it has been given such names as “China’s Sorrow” and “The Ungovernable.” The Mandarin Chinese word huang (“yellow”) is a reference to the fine loess sediments that the river carries to the sea. The Yellow River is also called "China's Sorrow". It has become so polluted in some reaches that it is unfit for agricultural and industrial use, because of the huge increase in factory and sewage discharges from China's fast-expanding cities. Along the Yellow River, there are numerous historic and ancient attractions, and stunning scenery. of China with those looking for a more authentic travel experience. With a length of 3,395 miles (5,464 km), it is the country’s second longest river—surpassed only by the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang)—and its drainage basin is the third largest in China, with an area of some 290,000 square miles (750,000 square km). The name "Yellow River" comes from the huge amounts of "yellow" loess sediment it carries when flowing through the Loess Plateau. The Yellow River (Huang He) basin and the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) basin and their drainage networks. For thousands of years, the Yellow River has been admired by great poets, artists, and common people. The Yellow River is the most important water resource for the dry north of China, playing an irreplaceable role in economic development, and agriculture. Spells of cold wind had iced up the 121-kilometer-long section of the Yellow River in Baotou City, north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, as of December 18, 12 days earlier than last year. The highlands consist of crystalline rocks that are sometimes visible as eroded outcroppings on the surface. Stretching some 5,475 kilometers (3,395 miles) from eastern Tibet to Bo Hai, the river travels through soft plateaus of silt, picking up a massive sediment load on its journey. In an interview with Time Magazine, Zhang said: “I wanted to photograph the river respectfully, it represents the root of the nation.” After the Yangzte River, the Yellow River is China’s second largest river and is approximately 3,400 miles long. Does China have about half of the world’s population? What's worse, the river has been abused. The mighty Yellow River has earned the name “China’s sorrow” for its tendency to flood, with devastating consequences, over the centuries. The middle course of the Yellow River, extending more than 1,800 miles (2,900 km), consists of a great loop and drains an area of about 23,000 square miles (60,000 square km). Usually a source of rich fertile soil and irrigation … New Year, How to Plan a First Trip to China — 5 Easy Steps, The Top 10 China Travel Destinations in 2020, The Top 13 Most Beautiful Places in China, Loyalty In that stretch its fall is less than half a foot per mile (9 cm per km), and many of the channels have been developed over the millennia for irrigated agriculture. The Yellow River originates at an elevation above 15,000 feet (4,600 metres) in the Bayan Har Mountains, in the eastern Plateau of Tibet. Stream songs including "Song of the Yellow River Boatman", "Ode to the Yellow River… Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students been admired by great poets artists... And loess east-central and eastern Asia pronunciation, Yellow River pronunciation, Yellow River ) at Lanzhou, Gansu,! Review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.... With a clear appearance River changed course 26 times, and flooded over times... 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