haggai 2 commentary

To both questions the priests give a correct answer. "In this place ..." As Keil accurately pointed out, "This place is not the temple, but the city of Jerusalem,"[19] from which place the word of the Lord went forth from Mount Zion. One good apple cannot make a barrel of rotten apples good; and your little token of serving God is not nearly enough to entitle you to the presumption of holiness. Could it be true that all they needed was some good fungicides and hail insurance? In the cosmic view, it will indeed be but a short time until God concludes the affairs of men. The early patriarchs, Job ( Job 19:25-27 , 33:23-26 ) and Abraham ( John 8:56 ), desired Him. . . . 1 2: Haggai 2 Hag 2:1 Vv 1-9: Second message: The temple to be filled with glory. Hebrews 12:27 , "Yet once more," favors English Version. 21. to Zerubbabel--Perhaps Zerubbabel had asked as to the convulsions foretold ( Haggai 2:6 Haggai 2:7 ). The Judgment shall come; God shall shake the heavens and the earth and the kingdoms of men (signifying their removal); and the Second House shall be greater than the First, because from it there will come salvation to God's people, something that never came out of the First one. Bible Commentary Haggai. Therefore, when the remnant was restored to the land of Canaan, and after they had been working only about a month, the Lord provided the strong assurances of this promise that he was "with" them. "[23] This uncleanness would not be easily removed; and therefore the people must not complain of hard times and inconveniences; when they do better, God will more abundantly bless them! The hard times you people are having are due to your unfaithfulness in not rebuilding the Temple. The inspiration of Haggai and Zechariah at this time was a specimen of the presence of God's Spirit remaining still with His people, as He had been with Moses and Israel of old ( Ezra 5:1 , Isaiah 63:11 ). 7. shake--not convert; but cause that agitation which is to precede Messiah's coming as the healer of the nations' agitations. We have already seen that the true meaning of all that Haggai said was that the glory of Christianity should far outshine the glory of Judaism. This is mentioned first and is the principal feature of the whole passage, as indicated by the quotation and emphasis upon it by the inspired writer of Hebrews who wrote: Thus, the inspired New Testament confirms our understanding of this passage in Haggai as a reference to eternal judgment and the cosmic disturbances that shall mark the onset of that event. The Hebrew for to "covenant" is literally "to cut," alluding to the sacrificial victims cut in ratification of a covenant. (4) Haggai 2:8 , "The silver is mine," &c. accords with the translation, "the choice things of all nations" shall be brought in. On the other hand, a legally "unclean" person imparts his uncleanness to any thing, whereas a legally holy thing cannot confer its sanctity on an "unclean" person ( Numbers 19:11 Numbers 19:13 Numbers 19:22 ). Read Haggai 2 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). Haggai 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides a free-flowing commentary on the entire text of each biblical book, along with background material. (2) Israel, in the sense of the whole nation, "was utterly unclean (as in Haggai 2:13) on account of its neglect of the house of the Lord, like a man who has become unclean through touching a corpse. You people seem to have another objection, claiming that you are entitled to God's blessings already, because you have erected an altar and make sacrifices to God. Haggai reproves the Jews for neglecting the temple. "[12], "The latter glory of this house shall be greater than the former, saith Jehovah of hosts; and in this place will I give peace, saith Jehovah of hosts.". Therefore, we apply Haggai 2:7 to God's true temple, the Church of Jesus Christ. This peace begins by the removal of the difficulty in the way of the just God accepting the guilty ( Psalms 85:8 Psalms 85:10 , Isaiah 9:6 Isaiah 9:7 , 53:5 , Zechariah 6:13 , 2 Corinthians 5:18 2 Corinthians 5:19 ); then it creates peace in the sinner's own heart ( Isaiah 57:19 , Acts 10:36 , Romans 5:1 , 14:17 , Ephesians 2:13-17 , Philippians 4:7 ); then peace in the whole earth ( Micah 5:5 , Luke 2:14 ). Paul condenses together the two verses of Haggai ( Haggai 2:6 Haggai 2:7 , and Haggai 2:21 Haggai 2:22 ), implying that it was one and the same shaking, of which the former verses of Haggai denote the beginning, the latter the end. "[27] And, of course, both the Matthew and Lucan genealogies show that this was exactly fulfilled. (10-19) The kingdom of Christ foretold. For most glad would I be to see such a man." The lesson Haggai sought to bring out by this line of questioning was understood by Gill, as follows: Haggai's application of this principle to the returned Israelites was this: (1) they had erected an altar to God on the old location and had begun to build the temple. "In this place will I give peace, saith Jehovah of hosts ..." In no sense may this be applied to the rebuilt temple; only in Christ is there "peace that passeth understanding." He still rides upon our unhappy planet. "Thus saith Jehovah of hosts: ask now the priests concerning the law, saying, If one bear holy flesh in the skirt of his garment, and with his skirt do touch bread, or pottage, or wine, or oil, or any food, shall it become holy? 23. take thee--under My protection and to promote thee and thy people to honor ( Psalms 78:70 ). We do not need to suppose for a moment that Haggai grasped the full import of God's Word which came through him. "That day" mentioned in this final passage, as Galley pointed out "is the Day of the Lord when the heavens and the earth will be shaken,"[33] in fact removing the fulfillment of the prophecy to times long subsequent to Haggai. How will God destroy the nations of men? After this appeal to lay to heart the past time during which the blessing had been withheld, Haggai called upon the people in Haggai 2:18 and Haggai 2:19 to fix their eyes upon the time which was commencing with that very day. War chariots are to give place to His reign of peace ( Micah 5:10 , Zechariah 9:10 ). Of particular interest in Haggai's use of "little while" in Haggai 2:6 to describe the entire history of God's dealings with humanity until the end of time, corresponding exactly with the apostle John's use of "little time" to describe the period of human probation ending in the final judgment (Revelation 6:11), and "short time" to describe the period of Satan's operations against mankind (Revelation 12:12). Some of you older ones remember the glory and extravagant wealth of the First Temple, and you are belittling this one because of its inferiority in your eyes; but the glory of this house shall exceed that of the first (Haggai 2:9). As Wiseman noted, "There was a first fulfillment soon after Haggai wrote, but not completely until Christ's reign."[13]. Or, translate, "From this day on which the temple is being begun," namely, on the foundations long ago laid [GROTIUS]. "In the seventh month, in the one and twentieth day of the month, came the word of Jehovah by Haggai the prophet, saying. Judah also had fallen completely away from God except for a precious remnant; and Judah suffered the same fate as Ephraim, being carried into slavery; but there was a glorious distinction. "For thus saith Jehovah of hosts: Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; and I will shake all nations; and the precious things of all nations shall come; and I will fill this house with glory, saith Jehovah of hosts.". . Thus, Haggai's "little while" is the same as John's "little time," and "short time." The Hebrew word here is "Shalom. For I am with you . (3) The verb, "shall come," is plural, which requires the noun to be understood in the plural, whereas if Messiah be intended, the noun is singular. Regardless of that ultimate fulfillment, there were many lesser and more immediate fulfillments of this part of the promise. And I shake all nations, and the costly of all nations will come, and I shall fill this house with glory, saith Jehovah of hosts. 10. four and twentieth day . Zerubbabel is seen as a type of Christ in that, "He led the people out of Babylonian bondage, as Christ would lead his people out of the bondage of sin. How does one view this? Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. He then proceeded to specify exactly what had been taking place. ( Ezra 3:10 Ezra 3:11 ); the foundation now laid was the secondary one, which, above the earth, was laid on the previous work [TIRINUS]. He continues with that theme is chapter 2 verses 1 through 9. "I will make thee as a signet ..." The signet ring conferred upon its wearer the full authority and power of the giver; and this is a pledge of the absolute authority and power of Jesus Christ. The silver is mine--( Job 41:11 , Psalms 50:12 ). so--or, "and." That the priests consulted by Haggai in this passage had anything to do with what was incorporated into the Pentateuch is impossible to believe. For we saw his star when it rose 6 and have come to worship him.” 3 When King Herod 7 heard this he was alarmed, and all Jerusalem with him. Recount this chronicle of two generations, one with memories of a glorious past and one with some hopes for a faithful future. "Yet once more ..." raises the question of what was the first occasion of God's shaking the earth and the heavens, etc.? ... for their lips should keep this knowledge, and the people should enquire the law at their mouth, Mal. "This seventh month was Teshri, the equivalent of our October/November. David Guzik commentary on Haggai 2 declares the second word from God: the glory of the new temple, and the third: clean and unclean. God will shake the heavens and the earth and overthrow all the kingdoms of men, "every one by the sword of his brother." We must apologize for those writers who suppose that Haggai thought Zerubbabel was the Messiah, and that such is what he wrote in this passage. The Red Horse of the Apocalypse did not make a foray into the earth and then go back to heaven! Using the laws of clean and unclean, God points out a principle that applies to Christians today. . . even from the day that the foundation of . "The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith Jehovah of hosts.". . Commentary for Haggai 2 . "I will shake the heavens ... earth ... sea ... and dry land ..." We hold these words to be unequivocally a reference to the final Judgment that shall close the age of probation for the human race. For example: We reject out of hand the notion that we have in this so-called "pericope" a picture of the making of the Old Testament. . As "Shiloh" ( Genesis 49:10 ) means peace, this verse confirms the view that Haggai 2:7 , "the desire of all nations," refers to Shiloh or Messiah, foretold in Genesis 49:10 . No! Two very different events are in view. Judah would continue throughout history. Haggai 2:1-9 And actually, this isn’t all God has to say about his divine presence. (After construction had promptly begun and the outline of the new Temple began to appear.) "Is the seed yet in the barn? Jesus Christ is the desire of all nations; people are yearning for Him, longing for Him, even though they do not know it. The only "glory" that mattered, and the only glory that had any permanent value was that of God Himself. "[6] Such monies were not available to Zerubbabel. Besides, Messiah may be described as realizing in Himself at His coming "the desires (the noun expressing collectively the plural) of all nations"; whence the verb is plural. "Blasting" results from excessive drought; "mildew, from excessive moisture. Despite the fact of the uncleanness in Numbers being a reference to uncleanness caused by a dead body; the principle would of necessity apply to all uncleanness. "Through all that time, when one came to a heap of twenty measures, there were but ten; when one came to the winevat to draw out fifty vessels, there were but twenty.". Crops failed, expectations were not met; God did not bless them. Being worn on the finger, it was an object of constant regard. The previous shaking shall cause the yearning "desire" for the Prince of peace. "The precious things of all nations shall come; and I will fill this house with glory ..." To limit this to the Final Judgment would apply the words to the Holy City coming down out of heaven into which the kings of the earth shall bring their treasure (Revelation 21:21). First, if a man carries holy meat (meat offered in a sacrifice) in the fold of his garment and touches bread (or other food) with this garment, will that food become holy? Since that time they invent various forced and false interpretations of such plain Messianic prophecies. that saw . And then, looking beyond that, in the days of the spread of Christianity all over the world, the kingly riches that were lavished upon worship of Christ in his holy church truly stagger the imagination. So, in the case of the individual poor believer, God, if He pleased, could bestow gold and silver, but He bestows far better treasures, the possession of which might be endangered by that of the former ( James 2:5 ). Those employed for God may be driven from their work by a storm, yet they must go back to it. . 13. "Peace ..." The RSV and other versions have rendered this word "prosperity" for no compelling reason; and again we are compelled to find fault with this type of tampering with the Word of God. 11. When the beast, and the dragon, and the false prophet shall gather all "the kings of the earth unto the war of the great God almighty" (Revelation 16:15. This writer does not claim any competence to decide such a question of Hebrew grammar; but, upon the unequivocal analysis of such a scholar as Feinberg (Dean, and Professor of Semitics, Talbot Theological Seminary, La Mirada, California), which, as far as we are able to determine is not contradicted by any authority whatever, we must in conscience receive the rendition which, to us, is clearly demanded by the entire context. And the priests answered, "It will become unclean." The same date as Prophecy III ( Haggai 2:10 ). 22. As Hailey noted, "The Lord never had but one house in Jerusalem." All other world kingdoms are to be overthrown to make way for Christ's universal kingdom ( Daniel 2:44 ). 20. the month--the ninth in the second year of Darius. "If God be for us, who can be against us?" The translators of most of the versions and translations since the KJV have made "desire" plural, reading it "the desires" "the precious things," "the desirable things," etc. So in Solomon 5:16 , "He is altogether lovely," in the Hebrew the same word as here, "all desires," that is, altogether desirable, or the object of desires. Some have estimated the cost of Solomon's Temple somewhere between three and five billion dollars! The exact passage of the Old Testament that carries the full and exact teaching of that enunciated by the priests in this interview is Numbers 19:11,22, as follows: Apparently, some of the commentators are simply unaware of what God's law surely contains. In this passage, we have discussed Haggai 2:13 before Haggai 2:12, because the priests' answer regarding Haggai 2:13 reveals the reason for their answer concerning Haggai 2:12. Not only did the kings of the earth aid the Jews in the building of their Second Temple, but in the days of Herod the Great, that monarch did indeed spend the vast resources of his whole kingdom in the most costly and extravagant decorations of it. Through two whole generations of pollution incurred by you in the land of your captivity, you are thoroughly unclean; and nothing but a wholehearted return of the whole remnant (all the returnees) to God, and their diligent service to God continually will really entitle you to God's blessings. His prophets had foretold the birth of Christ in Bethlehem. Haggai 1:1-12. "The ruined skeleton of the Temple was like a dead body decaying in Jerusalem and making everything contaminated." Gill properly discerned the true "glory" of the Lord's house. This, of course, is the royal badge of the Church's glory: "Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of you" (Matthew 18:20). The shaking began introductory to the … Their prophets warned them, but to no avail. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. "[17] And, while it is true enough that it "has a comprehensive meaning, signifying total mental, spiritual, and physical well-being,"[18] "peace" is the primary meaning of the word; and it is thus used at the present time by Jews all over the world. Then answered Haggai--rather, "Then Haggai answered (in rejoinder to the priests' answer) and said" [MAURER]. But Vulgate confirms English Version. The shaking began introductory to the first advent; it will be finished at the second. ? Tell this story of a people trying to rebuild their lives and determine where God is in the midst of it. SECOND PROPHECY. As Barnes said, "This implies that there were those among them who had seen the first house in its glory, yet but few. Say this to them. Haggai held up for all men to see it who will, the character of all earthly states, as well as the means of their ultimate overthrow, "Every one by the sword of his brother.". To make this read "prosperity" is ridiculous, for the present-day meaning of "prosperity" leaves out of sight all the higher significance of the passage. Haggai 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary has been relied on by millions in their daily studies for more than 90 years Really. "Speak to Zerubbabel ..." As the "stand in" head of the theocracy, Zerubbabel was a representative of the house of David; and to him the prophet now revealed spiritual blessings, of which the physical and economic blessings already foretold were tokens. They are yearning for solutions, wisdom, power, understanding, vision, and love, and He is all those things. As the first temple was filled with the cloud of glory, the symbol of God ( 1 Kings 8:11 , 2 Chronicles 5:14 ), so this second temple was filled with the "glory" of God ( John 1:14 ) veiled in the flesh (as it were in the cloud) at Christ's first coming, when He entered it and performed miracles there ( Matthew 21:12-14 ); but that "glory" is to be revealed at His second coming, as this prophecy in its ulterior reference foretells ( Malachi 3:1 ). Thus it will be made evident that the blessing is due to Me, not to nature. "Through all that time ..." Through all the fourteen years after they had returned to Jerusalem to rebuild the Temple, and during which time they had utterly neglected it. Announce this news about God the same yesterday, today, and forever … Continue reading "Commentary on Haggai 1:15b-2:9" (1-11) He promises God's assistance to them. So-called "modern man" is inclined to reject any view that connects his earthly success with concern for holy religion, but he is profoundly wrong in this. Of course, Zerubbabel was an excellent type of Christ. In Christ's time God shook the heaven, when He spake from it; the earth, when it quaked; the sea, when He commanded the winds and waves [GROTIUS]. Salvation and Judgment are the twin themes of these two Messianic prophecies here and in Haggai 1:1-9. Included in the prophecy are events associated with the age of the gospel and with the Second Advent of Jesus Christ. This all applies to them as they had been, not as they are now that they have begun to obey; the design is to guard them against falling back again. . The destruction of the world kingdoms, and the arising of another Zerubbabel (Christ in the dispensation of the New Israel) are both presented here. So the paths to sin are manifold: the paths to holiness one, and that one of difficult access [GROTIUS]. 18. First peace between God and man, then between man and God, then between man and man ( Isaiah 2:4 , Hosea 2:18 , Zechariah 9:10 ). 15. consider--literally, "lay it to heart." "Yet now be strong, O Zerubbabel, saith Jehovah; and be strong, O Joshua son of Jehozodak, the High Priest; and be strong, all ye people of the land, saith Jehovah, and work: for I am with you, saith Jehovah of hosts.". ", The significance of this dating lies in the fact of its having been a little less than a month since the work on rebuilding the Temple had commenced. 14. THERE is the true glory of God's temple. "In that day ..." injects a time element into the prophecy that made it impossible for Zerubbabel to have been the one designated as Messiah. That kind of a kingdom was their idea, not God's; and, as a consequence, they arrogantly forsook their true religion, rebelled against God, forsook his holy law, and became as reprobate as the heathen; whereupon God destroyed their beloved worldly kingdoms which the people had come to idolize. Haggai 2:7. "[30] "Haggai, like Zechariah, saw in Zerubbabel the Messianic King,"[31] This was in the fullness of time fully vindicated as an authentic vision. Alcibiades replies, "When shall that time arrive, and who shall that Teacher be? This mention of Zerubbabel is not a mistaken identification of Zerubbabel as the Messiah; but it is a prophecy of Christ, of whom Zerubabbel was a type. so is this people--heretofore not in such an obedient state of mind as to deserve to be called My people ( Titus 1:15 ). But is it any different with any other human state? The Jews, and those in the adjoining nations instructed by them, looked for Shiloh to come unto whom the gathering of the people was to be, from Jacob's prophecy ( Genesis 49:10 ). Legal sanctity is not so readily communicated as legal impurity. New American Standard Version. If the priorities of our heart are wrong, nothing we do is really holy to God. Hence ye may perceive the evils of disobedience and the blessing of obedience. It should be noted here that military terminology dominates this passage: "strength of nations," "chariots," "horses," and "sword." The Jews note five points of inferiority: The absence from the second temple of (1) the sacred fire; (2) the Shekinah; (3) the ark and cherubim; (4) the Urim and Thummim; (5) the spirit of prophecy. Salem Media Group. Throughout the minor prophets, we have repeatedly found references to hundreds of specific provisions and requirements of God's law as written in the Pentateuch; and there is no reasonable way to doubt that Haggai here was referring to that prior existing code of God's laws. "[1], "Speak now to Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the High Priest, and to the remnant of the people, saying, Who is left among you that saw this house in its former glory? Note also the deduction in Hebrews to the effect that the second "shaking" is to be infinitely more violent than the first, even to the extent of removing the material things that are shaken. And the priests answered and said, No. "Those things were the punishment of his people for their unfaithfulness (Haggai 2:15-19). Before leaving this wonderful Messianic prophecy, we must call attention to the rendition of the KJV in Haggai 2:7, which reads: In every way, this translation is far more suitable than subsequent renditions. There is scarcely a prophecy of Messiah in the Old Testament which does not, to some extent at least, refer to His second coming [SIR ISAAC NEWTON]. At first, a remnant of the people obeyed; and they even erected an altar to God on the ancient site in Jerusalem; but then their zeal faded, and for half a lifetime the old Temple continued to lie in ruins. . "<26a> "The meaning is that the Messianic descent was to come through Zerubbabel, of the line of David, just as it did through David himself. The sinful nation would have to make some changes before blessings could be bestowed. This is apparently mentioned to indicate that: This passage is "unmistakably Messianic. As Deane put it, "The true Zerubbabel, Christ, the son and antitype of Zerubbabel, is the signet in the hand of the Father. It is that "peace" mentioned at the conclusion of Haggai 2:9. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. Zerubbabel will be a signet ring to God. What they refused to allow as "holy" in case (1) was not specifically covered, except upon the premise that only those things God declares to be "holy" are actually so. The very next verse reminds us that God already owns all the gold and silver; and far from being an explanation of the nature of the promised glory, verse 8 is an explanation of what the glory is not! Any strict execution of the justice of God would apparently have required all of the Jewish Canaanites to be destroyed in the same manner as the original Canaanites. Haggai 2:7. ", Some uncertainty exists regarding the meaning of this reference to seed in the barn, etc. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament "For thus saith Jehovah of hosts, Once more, in a short time it comes to pass, I shake heaven and earth, and the sea, and the dry. It should always be borne in mind, however, that the only genuine Temple the Lord ever had is the Church of Jesus Christ our Lord. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. "The word ... came the second time ..." is a reference to its having twice come on that particular day of the month (Haggai 2:18). Keil construed this as a reference to Sinai and the earthquake that marked the giving of the Law to Moses. Keil also agreed fully with this: "In a little while ..." These words are a problem for some. . In fact, Numbers 19:22 makes precisely that application of it. "I will shake the heavens and the earth ..." This is repeated from Haggai 2:6 (see notes on that passage), and will be elaborated and expanded in this final outburst of Messianic prophecy. Psalms 68:8 mentions the heavens dropping near the mountain (Sinai); but Haggai speaks of the whole created heavens: "Wait only a little while, though the promised event is not apparent yet; for soon will God change things for the better: do not stop short with these preludes and fix your eyes on the present state of the temple [CALVIN]. Masoretic Text: And Haggai answered and said, So [is] this people, and so [is] this nation before my face, [is the] announcement of YHWH, and so [is] all the work of their hands, and what they bring near [to offer] there—it [is] unclean. "[2] The speculation that Haggai himself might have been among them is valid enough, but unprovable, as noted in our introduction. What they commanded in case (2) was already covered. Yet from this day on I will bless you.'"

Tide Chart Verrazano Bridge, How To Get Paint Off Laminate Floor, What Is Shot In Film, Tiny Things To Put In Resin Jewelry, Colorado Sales Tax 2020, Best Time To Visit Texas Beaches, Gondola Display Rack Philippines, Tower Defense Simulator Solo Strategy,

Comments are closed.